Psychology: Chapter 6 Learning Test (Part A): Question Preview (ID: 2863)

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Ivan Pavlov's experiments with dogs yielded information about which of the following?
a) classical conditioning
b) latent learning
c) counterconditioning
d) operant conditioning

In what way does classical conditioning help animals and people?
a) It helps them learn complex or difficult tasks.
b) It helps them adapt to their environment.
c) It helps them learn by watching others.
d) It helps them modify their behavior.

Under what conditions can spontaneous recovery occur?
a) when the conditioned stimulus starts again
b) as a result of latent learning
c) after systematic desensitization
d) as a result of observational learning

Which of the following refers to a classical conditioning method that exposes an individual to a harmless stimulus until fear responses to that stimulus are extinguished?
a) flooding
b) systematic desensitization
c) spontaneous recovery
d) counterconditioning

Through operant conditioning, people learn to control which of the following?
a) involuntary biological behaviors
b) unconditioned stimuli
c) voluntary responses
d) unconditioned responses

What is the process by which a stimulus increases the chances of a preceding behavior occurring again?
a) reinforcement
b) extinction
c) flooding
d) systematic desensitization

Primary and secondary reinforcers are important in which of the following?
a) operant conditioning
b) taste aversion
c) classical conditioning
d) discrimination

Which of the following adjectives best describes the way that cognitive psychologists view learning?
a) mechanical
b) purposeful
c) involuntary
d) automatic

What did E. C. Tolman's experiments on rats show?
a) that the Skinner box worked
b) how classical conditioning works
c) that reinforcement is not always necessary for learning
d) the effectiveness of negative reinforcement

People who watch a lot of violence on television are more likely to be violent in part because of
a) observational learning.
b) classical conditioning.
c) operant conditioning.
d) negative reinforcement.

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