Intro To Genetics: Question Preview (ID: 28248)


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Transcription results in the production of…
a) DNA
b) mRNA
c) nuclei
d) Proteins

Errors in transcription or translation may result in _________, which are changes in genes. This can result in differences in protein production that could be harmful, helpful, or unnoticed.
a) mutations
b) Punnett squares
c) heredity
d) meiosis

Protein synthesis includes these two processes:
a) transcription and translation
b) light and dark reactions
c) mitosis and meiosis
d) dominant and recessive

Translation results in the production of…
a) DNA
b) mRNA
c) nuclei
d) proteins

Gregor Mendel theorized that parents passed particles, or matter to offspring. We now call that matter
a) Ether
b) good habits
c) good looks
d) DNA

Recessive alleles….
a) Are only expressed if there is no dominant allele
b) Are shown with capital letters
c) Are never expressed
d) Are always expressed

Meiosis results in haploid cells, or cells with _____ the DNA that regular body cells have.
a) twice
b) half
c) all of the
d) none of the

What is the phenotype for a pea plant with the genotype Tt ?
a) tall
b) medium
c) yellow pods
d) short

Geneticists study heredity, which is
a) converting light energy
b) producing haploid cells
c) producing proteins
d) the passing of traits from parents to offspring

Punnett squares are useful to geneticists, since they can be used to
a) they are not useful
b) convert glucose and oxygen to ATP
c) determine the probability of producing genotypes
d) produce sperm and egg

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