Ocean Practice Quetions: Question Preview (ID: 27859)

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In the deep ocean, some organisms go through a process called bioluminescence. Bioluminescences in the process of what?
a) Organisms creating a chemical reaction inside their body to produce light so they can see or attract prey.
b) The process of organisms in the deep ocean using materials from their surrounds to create their own food.
c) The process of organisms in the deep ocean creating a chemical reaction in their bodies that allow them to become invisible t
d) all the above

Which of the following statements correctly describes what the term chemosynthesis means?
a) Chemosynthesis is the process that bacteria at the bottom of the ocean go through to produce their own food without sunlight.
b) Chemosynthesis is the process that phytoplankton go through at the top of the ocean to produce their own food with sunlight.
c) Chemosynthesis is a term used to describe how organisms that the bottom of the ocean break down dead organisms that sink to t
d) Chemosynthesis is the process by which we means the amount of salt that is located in a specific area of the ocean at one tim

What is the difference between phytoplankton and zooplankton?
a) Phytoplankton lives in the deep ocean and zooplankton lives at the surface.
b) Phytoplankton are plants that produce their own food. Zooplankton are animals that eat the phytoplankton .
c) Zooplankton are microscopic plants that produce their own food through photosynthesis. Phytoplankton are microscopic animals
d) Phytoplankton and zooplankton are both organisms that produce food through photosynthesis. Zooplankton however, does not pro

Estuaries are bodies of water that surround coastal habitats. They contain brackish water that is a mixture of both salt and freshwater. Which of the following is a reason why estuaries are important?
a) Estuaries are important because many organisms rely on them for a place to nest and breed.
b) Estuaries are important because many organisms find their food there.
c) Estuaries are important because many organisms go there to be protected because of the amount of hiding places.
d) all the above

Upwelling is a process when winds and the rotation of the Earth move warm water from the surface, then the currents bring deep, cold, nutrient rich water to the surface. Why is the process of upwelling important to us?
a) We harness the winds that push the water out of the way to accelerate transportation across the ocean.
b) Where upwelling is located, we build oil rigs. If we have an oil spill, the wind that is pushing the currents pushes the oil
c) We look for upwelling, because where their are nutrients there are fish. Then we catch and harvest the fish.
d) all the above

Mr. Monroe looks around and see that he is where the highest high tide and the lowest low tide are located and is rich in nutrients. He also notices that several of the organisms have an adaptation that allows them to withstand the waves.
a) intertidal zone
b) neritic zone
c) open ocean zone
d) surface zone

This zone in the ocean is completely dark. It has extreme amounts of pressure exerted on all organisms that live or visit here. You can relax while here and watch the wonderful organisms around you dancing with their bioluminescent lights.
a) surface zone
b) transition zone
c) deep ocean zone
d) intertidal zone

Mr. Goodwin i swimming for hours and stops to look around. He sees that he is located in the ocean zone that doesn't have a lot of light, has some pressure, some food, and a few organisms. He notices that all the organisms located here can swim.
a) surface zone
b) transition zone
c) Deep ocean zone
d) all the above

During the swimming trip, Mrs. Hoover looks down and sees an environment that gets lots of sunlight, has a steady supply of nutrients and lots of organisms both predators and prey. She realizes that some of the organisms here are good at hiding.
a) Intertidal zone
b) Neritic zone
c) open ocean zone
d) all the above

Scientists have overcome many problems with exploring the ocean. Since we cannot breathe underwater, what have scientists created to aid us in overcoming this obstacle?
a) Scientists have equipment submersibles with high powered LED lights.
b) Scientists us cages made of reinforced steel.
c) Scientists have created insulated wetsuits for divers to wear.
d) Scientists have created tanks that are filled with oxygen that have hoses connected to them to a breathing device.

Since technology has changed so much when it comes to exploring the ocean, it has made which of the following possible?
a) We can now breathe under the water without any help or aid from a device.
b) We can now explore almost every part of the ocean.
c) We still have to use the stars and the sun to navigate to ensure that we do not get lost at sea.
d) all the above

Even though technology has made exploring the bottom of the ocean possible in most places, we still have obstacles to overcome. Which of the following is an example of one?
a) The extreme pressure that is caused by going deep into the ocean.
b) Infectious diseases that can wipe out the entire crew of the ship.
c) Ships getting lost underwater because of inaccurate navigational equipment.
d) Since the trips are so long, we could run out of food and water before we finish exploring.

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