Galiyas History 9 - Chapter 15 Test (A): Question Preview (ID: 27728)

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Prohibitionists and purity crusaders shared the goal of
a) making charity “scientific.”
b) redistributing the nation’s wealth.
c) ending immigration from Asia.
d) improving the personal behavior of individuals.

Why did many immigrants support city political machines?
a) Political machines were free of corruption.
b) Political machines provided them with jobs.
c) Political machines put powerful “bosses” out of business.
d) Political machines fought against crime in the slums.

Which of the following was a major result of both immigration and the increased productivity of factory jobs in the late 1800s?
a) the rapid expansion of urban areas
b) mechanization of agriculture
c) high wages for factory workers
d) overpopulation of the South

President Theodore Roosevelt reached the Gentlemen’s Agreement in 1907, with the goal of
a) ending all Japanese immigration to the United States.
b) encouraging Chinese immigration to the United States.
c) slowing the immigration of Japanese laborers.
d) banning Asians from owning farmland.

What attracted many Asians to the United States in the late 1800s?
a) repeal of the Chinese Exclusion Act
b) the desire for free land
c) jobs with American railroad companies
d) the Gentlemen’s Agreement

During the late 1800s, the port of entry for the majority of immigrants was
a) Boston.
b) San Francisco.
c) Philadelphia.
d) New York City.

Which of the following led to government regulation of businesses during the Gilded Age?
a) declining business profits
b) unfair business practices
c) high tariffs
d) increased factory and farm production

Which of the following best describes key positions held by the Democratic Party in the Gilded Age?
a) enforcement of blue laws and higher tariffs
b) gold standard and strict limits on immigration
c) increased money supply, lower tariffs, and higher farm prices
d) pensions for Union soldiers and more government aid to railroads

Which of the following best describes key positions held by the Republican Party in the Gilded Age?
a) free silver, high immigration, and low tariffs
b) gold standard, high tariffs, and limits on immigration
c) free silver and fewer blue laws
d) no government aid to railroads and no blue laws

The Pendleton Civil Service Act was passed to
a) place additional regulation on the railroads.
b) end Japanese immigration to the United States.
c) end the spoils system.
d) print money backed by silver rather than gold.

During the late 1800s and early 1900s, immigration laws discriminated most against
a) Asians.
b) Europeans.
c) agricultural workers.
d) Mexicans.

One reason that the United States became more urban during the late 1800s is that
a) farm machines and factory-made goods reduced the need for farm labor.
b) nobody wanted to live on farms anymore.
c) immigrants did not know how to do farm work.
d) union organizing of farm workers had not yet begun.

One of the reasons that political machines gained power in the late 1800s was that they
a) advocated political reform.
b) refused to accept graft as part of their income.
c) provided jobs and other help for immigrants.
d) provided for the needs of the suburbs.

The main objective of the nativists was to
a) repeal laws that restricted immigration.
b) help immigrants adjust to American culture.
c) build tenement apartments for immigrants.
d) restrict immigration.

Most settlement houses of the late 1800s offered poor city dwellers
a) aid in the form of money.
b) social services.
c) protection from crime.
d) protection from political machines.

The post-Reconstruction era was marked by
a) unlimited immigration.
b) the assassination of two Presidents.
c) industrial productivity.
d) corruption in business and government.

One example of government’s trying to help American business was
a) high tariffs.
b) patronage.
c) blue laws.
d) Munn v. Illinois.

The Interstate Commerce Act outlawed the railroads’ practice of
a) charging equally for long and short hauls.
b) giving special rates to powerful customers.
c) favoring Stalwarts over Half-Breeds.
d) bribing the Interstate Commerce Commission.

Which of the following attracted many immigrants to the United States?
a) the military draft
b) strong alien land laws
c) a chance at a better life
d) labor unions

How did the pattern of European immigration shift in 1890?
a) from Jewish to Catholic Europeans
b) from northern to southern, western, and eastern Europeans
c) from eastern to southern Europeans
d) from eastern to western Europeans

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