Galiyas History 9 - Chapter 14 Test (A): Question Preview (ID: 27679)

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What was a major incentive in the settling of the West?
a) the legal, private ownership of land
b) the award of large land grants to the railroads
c) the desire to limit slavery
d) the refuge offered for outlaws and the oppressed

What was one key requirement that applicants had to meet to receive land under the Homestead Act?
a) They had to live on the land all year long.
b) They had to farm the land for five years in a row.
c) They had to file a claim with a bank.
d) They had to wheel portable cabins from plot to plot.

Who owned much of the western land near prime transportation routes?
a) Exodusters
b) “land-grant” colleges
c) squatters
d) railroads

Frederick Jackson Turner’s thesis held that the frontier
a) destroyed the West and the Americans who went there.
b) helped create the strong, individualistic American spirit.
c) would continue to exist for at least another 50 years.
d) had little effect on the American character.

In families on the homestead, what did women do?
a) cooked, cleaned, and made and washed clothes
b) raised and schooled the children
c) raised food crops
d) all of the above

In their platform, the Populists included provisions for
a) free silver, a progressive income tax, and an eight-hour day.
b) changing to the gold standard and ending any government regulation of business.
c) private ownership of communications and transportation systems.
d) excluding African Americans from Populist Party membership.

Farm mechanization resulted in
a) an increase in farm production.
b) a decline in the number of eastern farms.
c) the end of bonanza farms.
d) stable crop prices.

One way the government sought to change Native Americans was by
a) teaching them to hunt buffalo.
b) requiring them to farm individual plots.
c) finding them jobs on the railroads.
d) requiring them to move to growing cities.

What reason was given by settlers as to why they had a greater right to western lands than the Native Americans?
a) The government already owned all the land of the West.
b) The Native Americans did not want the land.
c) Settlers produced more food and wealth than Native Americans.
d) Native Americans had already agreed to give away their lands.

Most African American Exodusters migrated west to
a) work as sharecroppers on bonanza farms.
b) escape racial violence in the South.
c) find relatives who had fled during the Civil War.
d) prospect for gold and silver.

Which one of the following is a lingering myth about the West?
a) It was settled by a variety of races.
b) Settlers were nearly all white males.
c) Settlers nearly destroyed Native American peoples.
d) Western settlement damaged the environment.

Which one of the following did the Populists support?
a) the Turner thesis
b) a progressive income tax
c) staying on the gold standard
d) private ownership of communications and transportation systems

The Interstate Commerce Act was passed to
a) end the cattle boom.
b) place Native Americans on reservations.
c) regulate railroad rates and practices.
d) tax business profits made in interstate trade.

Western farmers wanted “free silver” because they felt it would
a) stabilize interest rates.
b) increase crop prices.
c) depress crop prices.
d) decrease the amount of money in circulation.

In the West, the combination of big business and new agricultural techniques resulted in
a) placer mines.
b) the long drive.
c) bonanza farms.
d) reservations.

Which one of the following was a major complaint of farmers in the late 1800s?
a) activities of the Grange
b) runaway inflation
c) rising crop prices
d) high tariffs on manufactured goods

What happened at the Massacre at Wounded Knee?
a) American soldiers killed more than 200 unarmed Sioux.
b) General Custer’s cavalry was completely wiped out.
c) The Nez Percé fought for possession of their homeland.
d) The last buffalo of the Great Plains were killed.

Many agreements between Native Americans and the federal government fell apart because
a) Native Americans and settlers had differing concepts of land ownership
b) Native Americans wanted to work as tenant farmers or sharecroppers
c) Many settlers objected to the reservation system.
d) Most of the treaties were never signed.

What did the Morrill Land-Grant Act and the Homestead Act have in common?
a) They provided ways for settlers to acquire western lands.
b) They forced Native Americans onto reservations.
c) They discriminated against African American families.
d) They enabled railroad companies to develop the land near their tracks.

Which statement best describes the lifestyle of homesteaders?
a) Homesteaders lived in isolation and avoided social contact.
b) Most women worked outside their homestead.
c) Homesteaders lived simple and secure lives.
d) Homesteaders often had to struggle even for the necessities.

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