Unit 4 Review: Triumph Of Industry; Labor Movement; Cities, Immigration And Farmers: Question Preview (ID: 27573)

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The Gentlemen’s Agreement between President Theodore Roosevelt and Japan resulted in a decrease of which of these?
a) Japanese immigration to the United States
b) Japanese troops stationed in Manchuria
c) Tariffs between Japan and the United States
d) U.S. and Japanese fleets in the Pacific Ocean

What was a consequence of the rapid growth of cities in the late 1800s?
a) A decrease in the gap between rich and poor
b) The rapid growth of tenements and ghettos
c) The migration of poor workers to the suburbs
d) The decline of political machines in the Midwest

During the late 1800s, children often worked in factories because
a) their parents believed in the process of “natural selection.”
b) employers offered high wages to skilled children.
c) here were no public schools for children to attend.
d) families needed the income to survive.

The “new immigrants” who arrived in the late 19th century were resented by “Native” Americans for all of thefollowing reasons EXCEPT:
a) they were mostly educated Protestants
b) they kept to themselves in urban neighborhoods
c) they kept wages low
d) they had diverse languages and ethnic cultures

The nation’s first major labor strike in 1877 that began a series of violent labor strikes was started by
a) women protesting discrimination.
b) railway workers angered by wage cuts.
c) steel workers upset by the use of scabs.
d) anarchists in several city governments.

“Where trade unions are most firmly organized, there are the rights of the people most respected.” Who said this?
a) Theodore Roosevelt
b) Samuel Gompers
c) John D. Rockefeller
d) Andrew Carnegie

Why did government leaders generally sympathize with business owners against labor in the late 19th century?
a) Government leaders were followers of new ideologies from Europe such as socialism.
b) Government leaders did not believe that conditions for industrial workers were all that bad.
c) Government leaders feared violence from business owners if they took the side of workers
d) Government leaders received money from business and also believed in laissez-faire

What was the primary goal of the ALF?
a) to assist in the transition from a capitalist to a socialist society.
b) to help cigar workers obtain better housing and U.S. citizenship.
c) to obtain better conditions for workers in its affiliate unions.
d) to replace individual labor unions with a single union for all workers.

Employers used all of the following in their attempts to crush labor strike EXCEPT
a) collective bargaining.
b) hiring private police to “regulate” strikers.
c) shutting down the plants.
d) hiring private police to “regulate” strikers.

What was an important consequence of the Haymarket Riot?
a) breakup of the American Federation of Labor
b) victory of workers in the Homestead Strike
c) rally of public opinion in favor of workers
d) decline of the Knights of Labor

Which group most favored the passage of the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882?
a) Imperialists in Congress
b) Progressives from the Midwest
c) Imperialists in Congress
d) Nativists on the West Coast

What was the purpose of the Grange movement?
a) To fight the corruption of political machines in cities
b) To halt the influx of immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe
c) To break the rural isolation of farmers and represent their interests
d) To agitate for government ownership of railroads, telegraphs and telephones

“You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns; you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold.” Based on this speech, what did Bryan demand in his subsequent campaign for the Presidency?
a) Higher tariffs to protect American manufacturers from foreign competition
b) A policy of bimetallism that would help farmers by raising crop prices
c) The creation of a national park system to protect the nation’s wildlife
d) The acquisition of colonies to increase employment opportunities

Tragedy at the Triangle Shirtwaist Company led to
a) Building codes requiring fire escapes.
b) Laws against harmful fumes.
c) Standards for safe use of machines.
d) Child labor laws.

1890: Sherman Antitrust Act and 1913: Clayton Antitrust Act. What was the primary goal of the government in these actions?
a) To make examples discouraging business owners
b) To increase the role of government in guaranteeing full employment.
c) To break up trusts that adopt unfair or dishonest business practices.
d) To break up all trusts since every trust tries to prevent competition.

What was the impact of muckraking activities during the early 1900s
a) Society changed in response to their promotion of Social Darwinism.
b) Public reaction to their books led to new laws addressing the abuses of industrialization.
c) Voters agreed to let the owners of Big Business create more profitable monopolies.
d) Reports of these works in publications abroad led to a sudden decrease in immigration.

Which best describes the main goal of the social gospel and settlement movements?
a) To strengthen political machines.
b) To improve living conditions for the poor.
c) To create jobs for the unemployed.
d) To encourage immigration.

Which characteristic was shared by all five reforms?• Initiative • Referendum • Recall • Direct Primary • 17th Amendment
a) They successfully brought economic relief to the urban working classes
b) They were reforms of state government.
c) They gave citizens a greater voice in government.
d) They were directly aimed at reducing corruption in state government.

In 1913, President Wilson proposed a reduction in tariffs. How did Wilson plan to make up for the loss of these revenues by the federal government?
a) Having government ownership of some industries, such as electricity.
b) Requiring contributions by state governments.
c) Reducing federal expenditures.
d) Introducing a new federal income tax

What demand was made in the Populist Party platform of 1892?
a) a graduated income tax
b) higher tariffs
c) unrestricted immigration
d) selection of U.S. Senators by state legislatures

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