Cell Processes Part 1: Question Preview (ID: 27494)


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During the ______ stage of the cell cycle, the cell’s nucleus divides into two new nuclei.
a) cytokineses
b) interphase
c) mitosis
d) prophase

The main difference between respiration and fermentation is that fermentation does not use _____.
a) carbon dioxide
b) energy
c) oxygen
d) water

The raw materials of photosynthesis are ______and ______.
a) carbon dioxide and oxygen
b) carbon dioxide and water
c) oxygen and sugar
d) oxygen and water

A(n)_______ is a pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances.
a) compound
b) element
c) glucose
d) molecule

Carbon dioxide enters leaves through _______.
a) bark
b) roots
c) stomata
d) veins

Each identical rod in a chromosome is called a(n) ________.
a) chromatid
b) cholorphyll
c) mitochondria
d) ribosome

Most of the energy that is released during respiration is produced in the _______.
a) chloroplasts
b) lysosomes
c) mitochondria
d) ribosomes

The pigment in green plants that captures the energy in sunlight is called ______.
a) chlorophyll
b) chromatin
c) mitochondria
d) ribosomes

Most______in cells could not take place without water.
a) active transport
b) chemical reations
c) osmosis
d) passive transport

_____________ is the diffusion of water molecules through a selectively permeable membrane.
a) Active transport
b) Chemical Reactions
c) Osmosis
d) Passive Transport

The cell grows to its mature size during _________.
a) interphase
b) mitosis
c) prophase
d) telophase

During DNA replication, adenine pairs only with _______.
a) cytosine
b) guanine
c) latic acid
d) thymine

The final stage of the cell cycle is called _____.
a) cytokinesis
b) interphase
c) mitosis
d) telophase

One product of fermentation in yeast cells is ______.
a) alcohol
b) glucose
c) lactic acid
d) oxygen

DNA replication occurs during ____.
a) cytokinesis
b) interphase
c) metaphase
d) prophase

The first stage of respiration takes place in the ______.
a) chloroplasts
b) cytoplasm
c) mitochondria
d) nucleus

Plants use sunlight to make food in a process called ______.
a) fermentation
b) mitosis
c) photosynthesis
d) respiration

_________ is an inorganic compound?
a) DNA
b) Oxygen
c) Starch
d) Water

______ is the main method by which small molecules move across the cell membrane.
a) Active Transport
b) Diffusion
c) Engulfing
d) Osmosis

Proteins are made up of smaller units called______.
a) amino acids
b) enzymes
c) nucleic acids
d) sugars

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