Weathering Erosion And Deposition: Question Preview (ID: 27456)


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When water gets into the cracks of rocks and freezes and expands, what is this process called?
a) abrasion
b) dissolution
c) ice wedging
d) oxidation

Water chemically breaks down rock because...
a) water expands when it freezes.
b) acids in the water react with chemicals in the rock.
c) materials dissolved in the water are deposited.
d) water is not affected by wind.

If you increase the surface area of a rock, how will it affect the rate at which it weathers?
a) It weathers faster.
b) It will have no effect.
c) It will weather more slowly.
d) It will weather the same as a smaller rock.

Ice, wind, water, gravity, plants, and animals are all agents of ...
a) differential weathering
b) mechanical weathering
c) chemical weathering
d) desertification

If you drop a sugar cube into a glass of water, the sugar cube will dissolve after a few minutes. This process is an example of...
a) chemical weathering
b) differential weathering
c) mechanical weathering
d) infiltration

A person who studies the land forms and processes of changing Earth's surface is called...
a) a magician
b) a botanist
c) a geologist
d) an anesthesiologist

Rocks that form from the cooling and hardening of hot liquid magma is called...
a) igneous
b) metamorphic
c) sedimentary
d) minerals

Rocks that are formed when the other forms of rock are under extreme heat and pressure are called...
a) igneous
b) metamorphic
c) sedimentary
d) minerals

Rocks formed from sediment that is compressed and cemented together over time and become solid are called...
a) igneous
b) metamorphic
c) sedimentary
d) minerals

An inorganic solid with a crystalline chemical structure is known as...
a) soil
b) tectonic plates
c) minerals
d) sediment

Little loose pieces of rock with decayed plants and animals is called...
a) soil
b) tectonic plates
c) minerals
d) magma

Solid fragments of material that come from weathering of rocks is called...
a) soil
b) tectonic plates
c) minerals
d) sediment

A massive river of ice, rocks, and soil that moves slowly down a mountain is called...
a) gorge
b) glacier
c) canyon
d) iceberg

Rain that contains harmful chemicals caused by burning fossil fuels is called...
a) hydration
b) oxidation
c) carbonation
d) acid precipitation

The process of rain mixing with iron in the Earth and causing rust is called...
a) acid rain
b) hydration
c) oxidation
d) subduction

The often triangular shaped deposit at the mouth of a river is called __________.
a) an earthquake
b) an avalanche
c) transpiration
d) a delta

The sudden downslope of snow, ice, and rocks is called...
a) earthquake
b) avalanche
c) transpiration
d) delta

A sudden, violent shift of the Earth's plates is called...
a) a delta
b) an avalanche
c) transpiration
d) an earthquake

The process that transports rocks, soil and sediments to a different location is called...
a) weathering
b) erosion
c) deposition
d) soil

The gradual breaking of rocks into smaller pieces is called...
a) weathering
b) erosion
c) deposition
d) soil

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