US History Quiz 1.2 (Objectives 4-6): Question Preview (ID: 27042)

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One of the most effective tools of the labor unions is requiring their members to not go to work. This is called a....
a) Pick
b) Spoil
c) Strike
d) Recall

Many settlers on the Great Plains had to build houses out of dirt or rock. Which of the answers below provides the best explanation for this given what you know about their environmental conditions?
a) A lack of timber meant they could not build their houses out of wood.
b) The ground couldn't support heavier structures.
c) Settlers weren't skilled enough to build more permanent buildings.
d) Frequent hurricanes meant the settlers had to build structures rapidly.

During the Gilded Age, America was undergoing a trend of workers and people moving from working on farms, to working in factories. This is called.....
a) Imperialism
b) Isolationism
c) Patriotism
d) Industrialization

The poor working conditions in factories led to a rise in....
a) Labor union membership
b) Environmentalist Groups
c) Social class unity
d) Wage-equity policies

What is it called when one business owns or controls all of a market?
a) Oligopoly
b) Perfect Competition
c) Monopoly
d) Duopoly

A group of workers formed to improve working conditions and wages is called a ....
a) Interstate Commerce Committee
b) Robber Barons
c) Monopoly
d) Labor Union

Which of the following was NOT something that political machines did to get elected?
a) Built infrastructure such as roads and sewers
b) Bribed labor union and political leaders for their support
c) Pushed for womens suffrage.
d) Gave the people who helped them get elected jobs in the government

Which describes the act of giving money or helping the poor?
a) Imperialism
b) Neutrality
c) Progressivism
d) Philanthropy

Which philosophy believes that people should have to work their way up the economic ladder without help, and that those who deserve to succeed will?
a) Communism
b) Socialism
c) Progressivism
d) Social Darwinism

During the Gilded Age, what was the name for the powerful groups that were able to take over city government through corruption, bribery, and providing benefits to certain groups of people?
a) Labor Unions
b) Native Americans
c) Captains of Industry
d) Political Machines

Which of the following was NOT a working condition during the Gilded Age?
a) Children worked as laborers.
b) Many people worked over 100 hours a week for little pay.
c) Work environments were often dangerous with little regard for safety.
d) Many bosses tried to pay their workers as much as possible in wages.

What was the nickname for the 'Captains of Industry' that ran the major businesses in America during the Gilded Age?
a) Political Bosses
b) Nativists
c) The AFL
d) Robber Barons

Which describes the philosophy that government should not interfere with business, also called a 'hands-off' approach?
a) Communism
b) Socialism
c) Laissez-faire
d) Bureaucratic control theory

Which of the following is a group of people who were anti-immigrant?
a) Patriots
b) Imperialists
c) Industrialists
d) Nativists

What was the name of Andrew Carnegies book that argued the rich should give their money to help the poor (philanthropy)?
a) The Wealth of Nations
b) The Art of War
c) The Gospel of Wealth
d) On the Origin of Species

Which of the following is NOT a name for the type of economy where goods are freely bought and sold by all with little restriction?
a) Command Economy
b) Market Economy
c) Free-enterprise Economy
d) Capitalist Economy

The Bessemer Process made which industries production easier and more efficient?
a) Oil
b) Finance
c) Steel
d) Railroads

Which of the following is another name for a monopoly?
a) Alliance
b) Trust
c) Brigade
d) Market

Many political bosses relied on which system of providing jobs to those who helped get you elected?
a) Merit
b) Quota
c) Trust
d) Spoils

Which of the following describes someone who takes risks to start a business and make a profit?
a) Nativist
b) Homesteader
c) Political Boss
d) Entrepreneur

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