Galiyas History 9 - Chapter 12 Test (B): Question Preview (ID: 26894)

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Newly freed African Americans urged the federal government to
a) redistribute southern land.
b) give them jobs on the railroad.
c) open colleges in the South.
d) restrict travel throughout the South.

The most visible new black organizations in the South were
a) military clubs.
b) colleges.
c) churches.
d) political parties.

To help black southerners adjust to freedom, Congress created
a) the Thirteenth Amendment.
b) the Captured and Abandoned Property Act.
c) the Ten Percent Plan.
d) the Freedmen’s Bureau.

Under Johnson’s Reconstruction plan, white southerners began to enact laws that
a) weakened ties with the Union.
b) created jobs for African Americans.
c) redistributed land.
d) gave whites power over African Americans.

The Fourteenth Amendment was part of a series of laws that
a) changed the way a President could hire government officials.
b) ensured the civil rights of African Americans.
c) restored the balance of power between the President and Congress.
d) shifted the balance of power in favor of the Supreme Court.

In 1870, thanks to the Fifteenth Amendment, southern black men
a) voted for the first time.
b) took charge of the Senate.
c) received free government land.
d) produced their own Reconstruction plan.

Carpetbaggers were northern Republicans who
a) voted with the Democrats.
b) had once supported secession.
c) moved to the postwar South.
d) hired freedmen to work on plantations.

New farming arrangements led to
a) a focus on cash crops.
b) the rise of cities in the South.
c) rural prosperity in the South.
d) more black ownership of land.

Tenant farming encouraged the rise of a new class of wealthy
a) black farmers.
b) merchants.
c) railroad builders.
d) industrialists.

Reconstruction succeeded in rebuilding many of the South’s
a) plantations.
b) forts.
c) railroads.
d) banks.

Most of the South’s postwar industrial growth came from
a) cotton mills.
b) the manufacture of finished products.
c) canal building.
d) shipbuilding.

One example of the wise use of Reconstruction funds was investing in
a) sharecropping.
b) business schemes run by scalawags.
c) cotton plantations.
d) public education.

Much of the money for improving infrastructure in the South came from
a) taxes on individuals.
b) the sale of plantations.
c) wealthy carpetbaggers.
d) the contributions of merchants.

Congress reacted to Klan terror by passing
a) Radical Reconstruction.
b) the Enforcement Act of 1870.
c) the Compromise of 1877.
d) the Thirteenth Amendment.

Voters grew tired of Reconstruction in part because
a) President Grant opposed it.
b) it symbolized corruption and greed.
c) it eliminated racism.
d) it decreased access to education.

The Compromise of 1877 helped Democrats regain
a) control of southern politics.
b) control of Radical Reconstruction.
c) industries lost in the Civil War.
d) African American support.

Reconstruction succeeded in its goals of restoring the Union and helping to
a) regulate the railroads.
b) destroy the Freedmen’s Bureau.
c) eliminate the Ku Klux Klan.
d) repair the war-torn South.

Southern states adopted the northern system of
a) cash-crop agriculture.
b) government-funded, urban social reform.
c) mandatory, tax-supported education.
d) problem-solving political commissions.

Among the failures of Reconstruction was the inability to
a) save the Democratic Party.
b) withdraw federal troops from the South.
c) move black Southerners out of poverty.
d) stimulate economic growth in the South.

During the era of Reconstruction, women fought unsuccessfully for
a) voting rights.
b) the right to travel freely in the South.
c) the election of Rutherford B. Hayes.
d) business regulation.

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