Galiyas History 9 - Chapter 12 Test (A) Question Preview (ID: 26873)

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Many poor white southern laborers could no longer find work because of
a) competition from freedmen.
b) the Captured and Abandoned Property Act.
c) new government work regulations.
d) their illiteracy.

The Civil War left the South
a) competition from freedmen.
b) in full control of its government.
c) in ruins.
d) largely unchanged from before the war.

A major failure of Reconstruction was that
a) the South’s cotton production never recovered.
b) war debts remained unpaid.
c) racist attitudes continued in the North and South.
d) no African Americans were voted into Congress.

Reconstruction came to end when
a) the Fifteenth Amendment was ratified.
b) federal troops were removed from the South.
c) President Johnson was impeached.
d) the Freedmen’s Bureau was dismantled.

By the mid-1870s, many Americans were tired of Reconstruction partly because
a) no important legislation had been passed.
b) Reconstruction legislatures taxed heavily.
c) all Reconstruction goals had been achieved.
d) the southern economy had fully recovered.

Which was a characteristic of agriculture in the South after the Civil War?
a) an abundance of cheap labor
b) an emphasis on cash crops
c) an even distribution of wealth
d) a decline in cotton production

What was the verdict in President Johnson’s impeachment trial?
a) He was found guilty.
b) He was removed from office.
c) He escaped conviction by one vote.
d) He was forced to confess his guilt.

The Radical Republicans passed a series of laws designed to
a) reestablish slavery in a different form.
b) unfairly tax the South.
c) protect the civil rights of African Americans.
d) prohibit free speech in the South.

The goal of the Freedmen’s Bureau was to
a) help former slaves adjust to freedom.
b) abolish slavery.
c) prevent African Americans from voting.
d) force African Americans to move north.

Which best reflects President Lincoln’s hopes for Reconstruction?
a) to punish the South severely for seceding from the Union
b) to replace all white officials in the South with African Americans
c) to strengthen the North’s domination of the South
d) to bind the nation together and create a lasting peace

As white southerners regained control of state governments, they began to
a) reverse Reconstruction era reforms.
b) compensate former slaves.
c) join the Republican Party.
d) refuse to pay war debts.

The main goal of the Ku Klux Klan during Reconstruction was to
a) prevent African Americans from exercising their rights.
b) gain control of state legislatures.
c) restore the Confederacy.
d) improve conditions for poor whites.

Which was a major success of Reconstruction in the South?
a) an end to racist government policies
b) the transformation into an industrialized, urban region
c) the creation of a public school system
d) an end to tensions between the South and the North

During Reconstruction, southern governments tried to improve economic conditions in the South by
a) lowering cotton prices.
b) building railroads and businesses.
c) redistributing land.
d) lowering taxes.

Southern state governments restricted the rights of former slaves by
a) passing black codes.
b) holding constitutional conventions.
c) refusing to pay war debts.
d) refusing to pass the Thirteenth Amendment.

The Freedmen’s Bureau succeeded in
a) redistributing formerly white-owned land to black southerners.
b) keeping ex-Confederate supporters out of office.
c) providing clothing, medical care, food, and education to many freed people.
d) electing African Americans to southern state governments.

In their Reconstruction policies, both President Lincoln and President Johnson insisted upon
a) sworn statements of allegiance from a majority of citizens
b) immediate elections in all southern states.
c) Southern approval of the Thirteenth Amendment.
d) a fair redistribution of land.

The Radical Republicans opposed President Lincoln’s Reconstruction plan, saying it was too
a) harsh on the South
b) lenient on the South.
c) generous to the freed people
d) difficult to carry out.

In his proposal for postwar Reconstruction, Lincoln
a) aimed to punish the South.
b) gave African Americans the vote.
c) set a tone of forgiveness.
d) tried to please Radical Republicans.

In his presidential Reconstruction plan, Andrew Johnson
a) matched Lincoln’s plan exactly.
b) was more generous than Lincoln.
c) allowed some slavery to continue.
d) put the South under strict military control.

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