World Civ Unit 2 Part 2 Question Preview (ID: 26836)

Unit 2.

Which Enlightenment thinker wrote A Vindication of the Rights of Woman that said men and women both needed to be educated to become virtuous and useful?
a) Jean-Jacques Rousseau
b) Cesare Beccaria
c) Voltaire
d) Mary Wollstonecraft

Cesare Beccaria was an Italian philosopher that discussed changes he felt were needed in the justice system. Which of the following statements best describes his opinions?
a) Capital punishment should be abolished and the degree of punishment should be based on the severity of the crime.
b) Women should not be allowed to serve on juries like men could.
c) Torture is acceptable under certain circumstances.
d) Freedom of religion and freedom of speech shouldn’t be allowed in courts.

Which Enlightenment thinker described an agreement he called the social contract, where citizens agree to give up their liberty and rights to gain security from the government?
a) John Locke
b) Mary Wollstonecraft
c) Thomas Hobbes
d) Isaac Newton

Which English scientist is famous for his theories of motion as well as his work with gravity and calculus?
a) Robert Boyle
b) Christopher Wren
c) Isaac Newton
d) Monty Python

Which movement of the 17th and 18th centuries believed in reason and thought and the power of individuals to solve problems?
a) Enlightenment
b) Scientific Revolution
c) Dark Ages
d) Renaissance

The first 10 amendments made to the newly formed United States Constitution are called
a) The Declaration of Independence
b) The Declaration of the Rights of Man
c) The Bill of Rights
d) The Federalist Papers

This document, written by Thomas Jefferson and influenced by the ideas of John Locke, stated the goals of the American colonists and outlined their grievances against the British King, George III.
a) The Declaration of the Rights of Man
b) Magna Carta
c) Declaration of Independence
d) Treaty of Westphalia

What aspects of Marie Antoinette made her wholly unpopular in the perspectives of many native French people?
a) She often walked the streets of Paris and openly showed her disgust with the poor and rarely provided aid or assistance
b) She spent money lavishly on fashion, parties/banquets for nobility, and was from Austria and didn’t understand French plight
c) She made the third estate pay the largest amount of taxes instead of smallest.
d) She had dissolved the Third Estate which was the representative body of 97% of French society

How were the three estates broken up in France prior to revolution which respectively held about 3% of the population in the first two estates and the rest of the 97% in the third estate?
a) 1st estate: Nobility, 2nd estate: Clergy, 3rd estate: Everybody else
b) 1st estate: Monarchy, 2nd estate: Nobility, 3rd estate: Clergy
c) 1st estate: Clergy, 2nd estate: Nobility, 3rd estate: Everybody else
d) 1st estate: Monarchy, 2nd estate: Clergy, 3rd estate: everybody else

When the 3rd estate was locked out from convening by King Louis they met on a small tennis court and made an oath and created what new representative governing body?
a) The Directory
b) The National Estate
c) The National Assembly
d) The Dual Monarchy

What pledge was made by the 3rd Estate upon meeting on a small handball court creating a new governing body?
a) Handball Oath
b) Tennis Court Oath
c) The Lockout Oath
d) The Tennis Ball Oath

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