Mineral Structure And Identification: Question Preview (ID: 26681)

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A property of a crystalline structure..
a) strong
b) atoms or compounds are arranged in a repeating pattern
c) atoms or compounds are the same color
d) very valuable

A class of nonsilicate minerals that that is made of only one type of ELEMENT.
a) oxides
b) mica
c) carbonates
d) native elements

True or False. Cleavage is a mineral's tendency to break along rough, or curved edges.
a) True
b) False

What substance is thevreference point for the density of other substances?
a) oxygen
b) water
c) iron
d) calcite

True or False. A softer mineral will always scratch a harder mineral.
a) True
b) False

What number represents the softest mineral on Mohs scale?
a) 10
b) 0
c) 1
d) 100

A mineral's resistance to being scratched is called...
a) weight
b) streak
c) luster
d) hardness

A mineral breaks along a curved or irregular surface.
a) fracture
b) cleavage
c) streak
d) luster

___________ are the hardest know mineral, with a Mohs scale value of 10.
a) plutons
b) diamonds
c) ore
d) pegmatites

Which one of the following is not one of the 3 types of luster?
a) metallic
b) submetallic
c) nonmetallic
d) shiny

The way a mineral's surface reflects light is called...
a) luster
b) streak
c) cleavage
d) fracture

Silicate minerals contain...
a) silicate
b) silicon
c) silicon and oxygen
d) silicon, oxygen, and other elements

A mineral's streak is...
a) colorful lines that run through the mineral sample.
b) impurities in the mineral.
c) mineral's color.
d) color of a mineral in powdered form.

What two groups are minerals divided into based on their chemical composition?
a) native and non-native
b) big and small
c) lusterful and non-lusterful
d) silicate and non-silicate

A mineral composed of only one element.
a) atom
b) native element
c) crystal
d) element

A substance made of two or more elements that have been chemically bonded.
a) crystal
b) atom
c) element
d) compound

A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substance. It is made of all of the same type of atoms.
a) atom
b) crystal
c) element
d) compound

The smallest part of an element that has all the properties of that element.
a) atom
b) crystal
c) element
d) compound

What is a mineral?
a) A solid substance found in the earth.
b) A living or nonliving inorganic substance found in the earth.
c) An inorganic, naturally-formed solid with a crystalline structure.
d) A crystal that is naturally made.

__________ is how much matter is in a certain amount of space. Also know as the ratio of mass to volume of a substance.
a) density
b) volume
c) mass

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