Lesson 8 - Adaptations, Variations, And Survival: Question Preview (ID: 26677)

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Which population would best be adapted to maneuver in a rocky, mountainous region?
a) a population of organisms with gills
b) a population of organisms with hooves
c) a population of organisms with moist skin
d) a population with thick fur

Which of these IS NOT an example of a structural adaptation?
a) Mole-rats use their large teeth and claws to dig tunnels to escape predators
b) The harmless syrphid fly resembles the yellow jacket in coloring and body shape
c) A lizard finds a shady spot to escape the sun's heat during midday
d) The leaf frog's coloring and shape camouflage it on the forest floor

The tropical environment has bushes and trees that reach up high off the ground. Many plant eating animals compete to eat the best leaves on bushes and trees. Which adaptation would benefit an animal in this environment?
a) large shell and leathery skin
b) brightly colored feathers and webbed feet
c) light colored fur and layers of blubber
d) long necks and tall legs

An alligator is camouflaged by duckweed in a swamp. How is this an example of an adaptation?
a) The duckweed helps the alligator swim faster.
b) The alligator can blend in with the duckweed and sneak up on its prey.
c) The duckweed keeps the alligator cool during the summer.
d) This is not an example of an adaptation.

Which of the following behavioral adaptations is best suited for survival in an environment with harsh, extremely cold, and long winters?
a) webbed feet
b) courtship
c) defensive behavior
d) hibernation

A plant has the following characteristics: (1) Short, thick stem. (2) Small, plump leaves covered by a waxy coating. (3) Roots grow close to the surface of the ground For which environment is this plant most likely adapted?
a) desert
b) coniferous forest
c) grassland
d) Arctic tundra

An area that is occupied by one animal or a group of animals that do not allow other members of the same species to enter is called a territory. This is an example of a behavioral adaptation. Which is the advantage of this behavior?
a) Establishing a territory is not a survival behavior.
b) Establishing a territory decreases the genetic variation of a population.
c) Establishing a territory makes it harder for an animal to find a mate.
d) Establishing a territory makes it easier for an animal to raise young and find food.

Which adaptation of black bears best helps them survive cold winters?
a) having sharp teeth and claws
b) eating both plants and animals
c) being able to hibernate
d) having a large home range

Which population would best be adapted to thrive in a swampy environment?
a) a population of organisms with gills
b) a population of organisms with wings
c) a population of organisms with thick fur
d) a population of organisms with hooves

Which structural adaptation BEST allows a tiger to hunt prey in tall grasses?
a) powerful jaws
b) striped fur
c) long, sharp claws
d) large teeth

The Arctic environment has temperatures that range between - 22 C and 6C with snow covering some of the area. Which adaptation would most likely help a population of organisms survive this environment?
a) Green feathers and webbed feet
b) large shell and leathery skin
c) long necks and tall legs
d) light colored fur and layers of blubber

The Burmese python, like other snakes, has a loosely hinged jaw. Which of these best describes an advantage of this adaptation?
a) This type of jaw allows the snake to scoop up water from ponds and rivers.
b) This type of jaw allows the snake to climb and live in trees.
c) This type of jaw provides no advantage.
d) This type of jaw can be stretched wide, allowing the python to swallow animals that are larger than its head.

A certain plant species has evolved to contain a bad-tasting chemical. Which of these is the MOST LIKELY outcome of this adaptation?
a) Animals are less likely to eat the plant.
b) The plant is able to live in many different environments.
c) The chemical aids in photosynthesis.
d) Animals are more likely to eat the plant.

Any change in an organism's gene is know as
a) mutation
b) hibernation
c) reproduction
d) extinction

The permanent dying out of a species or larger group of organisms
a) Hibernation
b) Extinction
c) Evolution
d) Adaptation

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