Cell Membrane And Transport: Question Preview (ID: 26658)

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What would happen if a cell containing 5% solute was placed in a beaker containing 5% salt solution?
a) water would move out of the cell until reaching equilibrium
b) water would move into the cell until reaching equilibrium
c) water would move into and out of the cell until reaching equilibrium
d) water would not move into or out of the cell

What is the vocabulary term for something that is dissolved into water or another liquid?
a) solute
b) solvent
c) diffusion
d) lipids

Which of these terms is used to describe the movement of water from areas of high concentration to low concentration across a cell membrane?
a) prognosis
b) active transport
c) passive diffusion
d) osmosis

Which cellular structure regulates what moves into and out of a cell?
a) cell wall
b) nucleus
c) cell membrane
d) cytoplasm

What type of transport involves molecules moving from low concentration to high concentration and requires energy input in the form of ATP?
a) facilitated diffusion
b) active transport
c) simple diffusion
d) osmosis

When molecules move out of a cell from an area of higher concentration to lower concentration through a membrane protein, this process is called
a) simple diffusion
b) active transport
c) passive diffusion
d) facilitated diffusion

What vocabulary term would describe a solution surrounding a cell that has a lower concentration of solution (higher concentration of water) than the materials inside the cell?
a) hypotonic
b) hypertonic
c) isotonic
d) toxic

Which of the following molecules would NOT be able to pass through the lipid bilayer of a cell?
a) water
b) oxygen
c) glucose
d) carbon dioxide

Which of the following would occur if there is a higher concentration of water inside a cell compared to its surrounding environment?
a) water would move into the cell
b) water would move in and out of the cell at equal rates
c) nothing would happen
d) water would move out of the cell

How do larger molecules pass into and out of cells?
a) through the lipid bilayer
b) through an integral protein
c) through an integral carbohydrate
d) a virus injects the molecule into the cell

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