Scientific Inquiry: Question Preview (ID: 26480)

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“Any process used to ask and answer testable questions about observations of the natural world” defines which term?
a) scientific consensus
b) scientific inquiry
c) scientific conclusion
d) scientific hypothesis

A scientist asked a question that was based on an observation. Which is the next step the scientist should take?
a) The scientist should form a hypothesis and design an experiment.
b) The scientist should collect data and organize it into tables.
c) The scientist should draw conclusions based on the observation.
d) The scientist should record and communicate his hypothesis and results.

In which order are the steps of the scientific method commonly listed?
a) question, hypothesize, experiment, collect data, communicate, conclude
b) hypothesize, question, experiment, conclude, collect data, communicate
c) question, hypothesize, experiment, collect data, conclude, communicate
d) hypothesize, question, experiment, collect data, communicate, conclude

Which action shows a creative approach to the process of scientific inquiry?
a) creating an attractive cover picture for a laboratory report
b) explaining why a hypothesis is true despite the data showing otherwise
c) developing a technique for observing an object that has yet to be observed
d) manipulating data to achieve a desired result

Which statement best describes a scientific question?
a) It must be based on a hypothesis.
b) It must be supported by data.
c) It must be original.
d) It must be testable.

Which step of the scientific method relies more heavily on newly collected data than on creativity and innovation?
a) designing an experiment
b) drawing a conclusion
c) solving a problem
d) formulating a question

Which famous scientist is credited as the founder of the scientific method?
a) Aristotle
b) John Dalton
c) Sir Francis Bacon
d) Sir Isaac Newton

Which example best represents the use of creativity in scientific inquiry?
a) replicating Pasteur’s experiments by using vintage equipment
b) using a computer spreadsheet program to process data and make graphs
c) increasing the efficiency of a pharmaceutical factory
d) developing a new way to extract a particular protein from tissue samples

A student completed a lab report. Which correctly describes the difference between the “Question” and “Hypothesis” sections of her report?
a) “Question” states what she is asking, and “Hypothesis” states the result of her experiment.
b) “Question” states what she is asking, and “Hypothesis” states what she thinks the answer to that question is in “if . . . th
c) “Question” describes what she is trying to find out, and Hypothesis states the procedures and methods of data collection.
d) “Question” describes what she is trying to find out, and “Hypothesis” states any additional information or prior knowledge ab

What would most likely be included in the “Analysis” section of a lab report?
a) a list the supplies that were used in conducting the experiment
b) a discussion of any errors in the experimental data
c) suggestions for new experiments based on the results
d) a description of what the dependent and independent variables were

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