Chemistry Of Life Vocab: Question Preview (ID: 26279)


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Area of an enzyme's surface that has a shape to complement a particular substrate
a) Nucleotide
b) Nucleic Acid
c) Macromolecule
d) Active site

Proteins that act as catalysts in living things
a) Nucleic Acid
b) Nucleotide
c) Enzyme
d) Active Site

Compounds made of amino acids and work to control the rate of reactions and create cell structures
a) Lipids
b) Carbohydrates
c) Proteins
d) Nucleic Acids

Compounds made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a varied ratio that are not soluble in water
a) Lipids
b) Carbohydrates
c) Protiens
d) Nucleic Acids

Compounds made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a 1:2:1 ratio that are soluble in water
a) Lipid
b) Carbohydrate
c) Protein
d) Nucleic Acid

Giant molecules also known as organic compounds
a) Monomers
b) Polymers
c) Micromolecules
d) Macromolecules

The large molecules made from monomers
a) Base
b) Polymer
c) Micromolecules
d) Macromolecules

Smaller units used to make large compounds
a) Monomers
b) Polymers
c) Micromolecules
d) Macromolecules

Any compound that forms OH- ions in a solution, values 8-14 on a pH scale
a) Base
b) Acid
c) Monomer
d) Polymer

Any compound that forms H+ ions in a solution, values 1-6 on a pH scale
a) Base
b) Acid
c) Monomer
d) Polymer

The substance that has been dissolved in a solution
a) Base
b) Solvent
c) Solute
d) Macromolecule

The dissolving substance in a solution - usually water
a) Base
b) Solvent
c) Solute
d) Macromolecule

A type of mixture in which all components are equally distributed
a) Solution
b) Solvent
c) Solute
d) Macromolecule

An attraction between molecules of different types
a) Solvent
b) Solute
c) Cohesion
d) Adhesion

An attraction between molecules of the same type
a) Solvent
b) Solute
c) Cohesion
d) Adhesion

Reactants (products) of an enzyme-based reaction
a) Bases
b) Acids
c) Substrates
d) Lipids

Compounds that store and transmit genetic information
a) Nucleic Acid
b) Nucleotide
c) Carbohydrate
d) Enzyme

The monomer of nucleic acids
a) Fats
b) Sugars
c) Nucleotides
d) Enzymes

The energy needed to start a reaction
a) Enzyme Energy
b) Reaction energy
c) Catalyst Energy
d) Activation energy

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