Global Review 2 Question Preview (ID: 25963)

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One reason the Soviet Union formed the Warsaw Pact was to
a) ease the transition to democracy
b) help institute capitalism in Eastern Europe
c) limit the threat of invasion from Western Europe
d) challenge the economic successes of the Common Market

During the Cold War Era (1945-1990), the United States and the Soviet Union were reluctant to become involved in direct military conflict mainly because of
a) the peacekeeping role of the United Nations
b) pressure from nonaligned nations
c) the potential for global nuclear destruction
d) increased tensions in the Middle East

Which is generally a characteristic of a communist economy?
a) investment is encouraged by the promise of large profits
b) the role of government in the economy is restricted by law
c) government agencies are involved in production planning
d) entrepreneurs sell shares in their companies to the government

World War II is often considered to be a turning point in history because
a) the League of nations demonstrated that an international organization could maintain world peace
b) the war brought an end to dictatorships as a form of government
c) European domination of the world began to weaken as nationalism in colonies increased
d) religious and ethnic differences were no longer a source of conflict between nations

Which was a characteristic of Germany under Adolf Hitler and the Soviet Union under Josef Stalin?
a) an official foreign policy of isolationism
b) governmental control of the media
c) public ownership of business and industry
d) the absence of a written constitution

A major cause of World War I was
a) a decline in the policy of imperialism
b) the existence of opposing alliances
c) an increase in acts of aggression by England
d) the spread of communism throughout Europe

After 1880, European nations sought colonies in Africa primarily because the Europeans were
a) in need of land for their surplus populations
b) competing of raw materials and markets
c) determined to bring Christianity to the Moslem world
d) interested in completing their geographic knowledge of the world

In Japan, the Meiji Restoration resulted in the
a) division of the nation between the European powers
b) modernization of the nation’s industry
c) abolition of the position of emperor
d) government being controlled by the samurai

Nationalism is most likely to develop in an area that has
a) land suited to agriculture
b) adequate industry to supply consumer demands
c) a moderate climate with rivers for irrigation
d) common customs, language, and history

“The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains…Workers of the world, unite!”
a) Protestant Reformation
b) Counter-Reformation
c) Commercial Revolution
d) Industrial Revolution

Simon Bolivar, Toussaint L’Overture, and Bernardo O’Higgins were Latin American leaders of
a) economic development
b) educational reforms
c) independence movements
d) colonial expansion

One important result of the French Revolution was that
a) France enjoyed a lengthy period of peace and prosperity
b) the church was restored to its former role and power in the French government
c) political power shifted to the middle class
d) the tax burden was carried by the lower class

Francis Bacon, Galileo, and Isaac Newton promoted the idea that knowledge should be based on
a) the experiences of past civilizations
b) experimentation and observation
c) emotions and feelings
d) the teachings of the Catholic Church

The writings of the Enlightenment philosophers in Europe encouraged later political revolution with their support of
a) socialism
b) imperialism
c) the natural rights of man
d) the divine right monarchies

The goal of Mikhail Gorbachev’s policies of perestroika and glasnost was to
a) expand collectivization and communes
b) resume development of Soviet nuclear weapons
c) stimulate economic growth and political discussion
d) stop expansion of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) into Eastern Europe

What was a goal of the student protestors in Tiananmen Square in 1989?
a) independence for Taiwan
b) ) removal of troops from South Korea
c) access to foreign products
d) democratic reforms

The 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran was a reaction to the failure of Shah Reza Pahlevi to
a) modernize the nation's economy
b) meet the social and political needs of the people
c) establish political ties with Western nations
d) supply the military with advanced weapons technology

The Sepoy Mutiny in India, the Boxer Rebellion in China, and the Islamic Revolution in Iran were similar in that they
a) restored power to the hereditary monarchies
b) attempted to reject the traditional cultures in these countries
c) resisted foreign influence in these countries
d) reestablished the power of religious leaders

The main goal of the Green Revolution was to
a) prevent further destruction of the world's rain forests
b) solve chronic food shortages through the use of technology
c) expand the economies of developing nations with foreign investment
d) insure that foreign aid was received by people with the greatest need

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