ENCORE Anatomy 4: Question Preview (ID: 25849)

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the resting potential of a neuron is actually maintained by tireless work on the part of the
a) sodium potassium pump
b) sodium gated potassium channels
c) electron transport chain
d) voltage gated sodium channels

bones form by replacing an existing
a) connective tissue scaffold
b) epithelial tissue matrix
c) network of fibers
d) fluid filled space

cells called _____________ build bone
a) osteoblasts
b) osteoclasts
c) osteomasts
d) osteoflasts

cells called ________ break down bone
a) osteoclasts
b) osteoblasts
c) osteomasts
d) osteoflasts

a presynaptic neuron releases _________ into the synapse
a) neurotransmitters
b) highly charged ions
c) photons
d) receptors

the anatomical direction superior refers to being closer to the
a) head
b) surface
c) midline
d) front

the large artery coming directly from the heart and supplying oxygenated blood to the body is the
a) aorta
b) superior vena cava
c) pulmonary artery
d) common illiac

red marrow produces red and white blood cells, plus
a) platelets
b) forklets
c) knifelets
d) spoonlets

the action potential travels down the axon in a manner akin to
a) a wave
b) electricity in a wire
c) water in a pipe
d) a train on a track

the state of sustained, partial contraction of muscles necessary to maintain posture is
a) muscle tone
b) muscle turgor
c) muscle tetanus
d) muscle tension

bone also serves as a reservoir for
a) inorganic salts
b) ignorant cells
c) internal organs
d) interstitial fluid

the integrative function takes place in the
a) central nervous system
b) fascicle
c) synapse
d) central nervous system

the anatomical direction meaning toward the midline is
a) medial
b) lateral
c) anterior
d) posterior

bones that develop from bone shaped masses of hyaline cartilage are
a) endochondral
b) epiphyseal
c) intramembranous
d) ossificational

when the nerve impulse reaches the terminal button it opens
a) calcium channels
b) doors
c) receptors
d) sensory vessicles

________ bones originate between sheet-like masses of connective tissue
a) intramembranous
b) epiphyseal
c) endochondral
d) ossificational

a decrease in size and strength of a muscle is known as
a) atrophy
b) polyploidy
c) hypertrophy
d) hypotrophy

most of the bones in your body are
a) endochondral
b) intramembranous
c) epiphyseal
d) ossificational

the tubes that transfer urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder are the
a) ureters
b) urethrae
c) nephrons
d) seminiferous tubules

the bones of the skull are examples of
a) intramembranous
b) endochondral
c) exochondral
d) intraosseous

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