Aquatic Science Spring Final Review 2015 Part 3: Question Preview (ID: 25770)

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Rogue waves are best described as:
a) the highest waves of a tsunami
b) a breaking internal wave
c) a strong rocking motion within a harbor
d) a single massive wave that develops in the open ocean

Tsunami or seismic sea waves are generated by
a) storms at sea
b) tidal currents in the open sea
c) breaking internal waves
d) coastal or submarine earthquakes

When waves approach the shore, if the bottom is a steep slope,
a) the waves will plunge
b) the waves will form seiches
c) the wave will spill
d) a surf beat will form

Which body has the most profound influence on ocean tides?
a) sun
b) moon
c) Jupiter
d) Venus

A tide pattern of one high and one low each day describe a
a) diurnal tide
b) mixed tide
c) solar tide
d) semidiurnal tide

The side of Earth facing the moon will experience a high tide, while the opposite side of Earth will have a
a) low tide
b) time of no tidal action
c) high tide also
d) tide that cannot be predicted

The present shorelines of the world are considered to be
a) geologically stable zones separating land and sea
b) features of great geological antiquity
c) a dynamic environment affected by both long-term and short-term cycles
d) that part of the marine environment most resistant to change

An evolutionary advance that first appears in echinoderms was
a) radial symmetry
b) one-way digestive system
c) external digestion
d) endoskeleton

Breaking in half and regenerating the other half is actually a reproductive mechanism of some member of the class
a) Echinoidea
b) Ophiruoidea
c) Holothuroidea
d) Asteroidean

Swimming is a locomotion mechanisms for some
a) Brittle stars
b) Sea urchins
c) Sea cucumbers
d) Sand dollars

In echinoderms, water enters the water vascular system through the
a) ring canal
b) radial canals
c) ampulla
d) madreporite

Sea cucumbers feed by
a) scraping algae from surfaces
b) capturing organisms with their tube feet
c) trapping small organisms in mucous
d) ingesting plankton into their water vascular system

The spiny skin for which echinoderms are named refers to the
a) extended skin gills
b) protruding tube feet
c) rigid tentacles
d) calcium-rich endolskeleton

The only living echinoderm that are fully sessile are the
a) sea lilies
b) brittle stars
c) feather stars
d) sand dollars

What is an unusual characteristic about the sea horse?
a) males carry the babies
b) males only eat plankton
c) males carry out fertilization
d) males cannot swim

What is the production of light from a living organism called?
a) biology
b) bioluminescence
c) benthic
d) brightly colored

What is spawning?
a) gametes are released (during external fertilization)
b) gametes are released (during internal fertilization)

The flexible connective tissue found in sharks is ________________
a) claspers
b) cartilage
c) operculum
d) placoid scales

The flap of tissue that covers the bony fish's gills is the ________________________.
a) ampullae of Lorenzini
b) cartilage
c) operculum
d) gill slits

Openings on a shark's head that aid in breathing are ______________________.
a) spiracles
b) claspers
c) gill slits
d) tunicates

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