Semester 2 Final Question Preview (ID: 25665)

Part 2. TEACHERS: click here for quick copy question ID numbers.

What is the force behind mass movements
a) the sun's energy
b) flowing water
c) gravity
d) moving ice

Which of the following weathering processes involves the constant freezing and thawing of water?
a) unloading
b) frost wedging
c) exfoliation
d) spheroridal weathering

Which of the following is the result of chemical weathering?
a) a rock that has been changed into one or more new compounds
b) a rock that has been broken into tiny pieces
c) a rock that has been split in two
d) a rock that has lost its outer layers

The process that occurs when physical forces break rock into smaller pieces without changing the rocks chemical composition is called
a) differential weathering
b) chemical weathering
c) mechanical weathering
d) erosion

What is the most important law passed to deal with air pollution?
a) Clean Water Act
b) Resource COnservation and Recovery Act
c) Clean Air Act
d) Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compenstation, and Liability Act

What amount of Earth's total water supply is usable fresh water?
a) 25%
b) less than 1%
c) 50%
d) 75%

What is the function of the atmosphere's ozone layer?
a) shields Earth from harmful solar radiation
b) provides the oxygen needed by human life
c) protects Earth from the sun's heat
d) removes pollution from the atmosphere

Which of the following is NOT an agent of metamorphism?
a) heat
b) running water
c) pressure
d) a hydrothermal solution

The advantage of solar energy include the fact that it is
a) nonrenewable
b) non-pollutting
c) expensive
d) absent at night

Which of the following is an example of nonpoint source of fresh water pollution?
a) pesticide runoff from farm fields
b) leaking toxic waste landfill
c) sewage treatment plant
d) factory waste piped into a stream

What is a naturally occurring, solid mass of mineral or mineral-like matter?
a) a rock
b) a mineral
c) lava
d) a fossil

All the energy that drives Earth's rock cycle comes from
a) the wind
b) Earth's interior and the sun
c) the breakdown of organic matter
d) the movement of water over Earth's surface

Which of the following represents the correct order of the processes involved in sedimentart rock formation?
a) ereosion, weathering, compaction, cementation, deposition
b) compaction, cementation, deposition, weathering, erosion
c) deposition, cementation, compaction, erosion, weathering
d) weathering, erosion, depostion, compaction, cementation

What is the density of a mineral?
a) the ratio of a mineral's mass to its volume
b) the ratio of a mineral's height to its weight
c) a mineral's mass
d) a mineral's volume

Why is ice in a glacier considered to be a mineral, but water from a glacier is not?
a) Water is not naturally occurring
b) water does not have a chemical composition
c) ice is not naturally occurring
d) ice is a solid, but water is not

Minerals are classified by
a) color
b) composition
c) size
d) density

Mohs scale is used to determine what property of minerals?
a) cleavage
b) density
c) hardness
d) luster

What factor commonly triggers mass movements?
a) saturation of surface materials with water
b) earthquakes
c) removal of vegetation
d) all of the above

What are the building blocks of minerals?
a) rocks
b) elements
c) isotopes
d) electrons

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of minerals?
a) crystalline structure
b) formed by inorganic processes
c) definite chemical composition
d) either liquid or solid

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