Life Science Spring 2015 Final Pt. 1 Of 5: Question Preview (ID: 25619)

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What is the role of mitochondria in eukaryotic cells?
a) to regulate the flow of materials in and out of the cell
b) to generate chemical energy that powers the cell
c) to transport materials throughout the cell
d) to provide structure and mechanical support for the cell

Which of these can be found in all living organisms?
a) nucleus
b) organ
c) cell
d) tissue

Which of these terms refers to a membrane-bound structure found in eukaryotic cells?
a) organelle
b) plasmid
c) nucleoid
d) capsule

Which of these cell parts provide structure and support to plants?
a) chloroplast
b) endoplasmic reticulum
c) nucleus
d) cell wall

Which of these lists organizes the parts of a complex organism from most basic to most complex?
a) cell - tissue - organ
b) organ - tissue - cell
c) tissue - cell - organ
d) cell - organ - tissue

In what process does a parent cell split into two or more daughter cells?
a) cell metabolism
b) cell transformation
c) cell division
d) cell synthesis

Which term refers to cell division in prokaryotic cells?
a) mitosis
b) binary fission
c) chromatin
d) cell transformation

Which of these terms refers to tissue that forms from abnormal cell division?
a) mitosis
b) genome
c) telomerase
d) tumor

Which term refers to cell division in eukaryotic cells?
a) mitosis
b) binary fission
c) chromatin
d) cell transformation

During which phase of mitosis do chromosomes line up at the spindle equator?
a) metaphase
b) anaphase
c) telophase
d) prophase

Which of these lists organizes the phases of mitosis in order from first to last?
a) prophase, anaphase, telophase, metaphase
b) prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
c) metaphase, prophase, telophase, anaphase
d) metaphase, anaphase, prophase, telophase

Which of these best describes what happens during anaphase?
a) the chromosomes are pulled to opposite ends of the spindle
b) chromosomes line up at the spindle equator
c) the DNA condenses into chromosomes
d) chromosomes decondense into chromatin

Which of these processes occurs in both binary fission and mitosis?
a) formation of nuclear envelopes
b) rearrangement of organelles
c) replication of DNA
d) segregation of plasmids

Which of these separate the inside of the cell from the surrounding environment?
a) cytoplasm
b) cell membrane
c) nucleus
d) cytoskeleton

In eukaryotic cells, chromatin is packaged in what structures?
a) spindles
b) plasmids
c) microtubules
d) chromosomes

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