Space Science Chapter 2: Question Preview (ID: 25563)

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What is the most current theory for the formation of Earth's moon?
a) The moon formed from a collision between another body and the Earth.
b) The moon was captured by the Earth.
c) The moon formed at the same time as the Earth.
d) The moon formed by spinning off from the Earth early in history.

At noon on the day of the summer solstice, the Sun is
a) below the horizon
b) lowest in the sky
c) at a medium height in the sky
d) highest in the sky

What happens at the March equinox?
a) Spring begins in the Northern Hemisphere, and autumn begins in the Southern Hemisphere.
b) Winter begins in the Northern Hemisphere, and summer begins in the Southern Hemisphere.
c) Fall begins in the Northern Hemisphere, and spring begins in the Southern Hemisphere.
d) Spring begins in both hemispheres.

Each day at the equator there are about
a) 12 hours of daylight and 12 hours of darkness
b) 24 hours of daylight
c) 6 hours of daylight in winter and 18 in summer
d) 18 hours of daylight in winter and 6 in summer

Why does a person on Earth always see the same side of the Moon?
a) The Moon turns on its axis and orbits Earth in the same amound of time.
b) The Moon does not turn on its axis as it orbits Earth.
c) The Moon orbits Earth and Earth turns on its own axis in the same amount of time.
d) The Moon and Earth both turn on their axis in the same amount of time.

Sydney, Australia, is in the Southern Hemisphere. Which choice describes the conditions there on or around December 21?
a) Summer begins.
b) Winter begins.
c) Spring begins.
d) Autumn begins.

Earth's orbit around the Sun and its 23-degree tilt on its axis cause
a) phases of the Moon
b) solar eclipses
c) seasons
d) tides

Why does the Moon appear to change shape gradually from week to week?
a) The Moon passes through Earth's shadow.
b) The Moon passes through the Sun's shadow.
c) Clouds cover different amounts of the Moon's near side.
d) Sunlight fall on different amounts of the Moon's near side.

What causes night and day?
a) solar and lunar eclipses
b) the rise and fall of the tides
c) Earth's orbiting the Sun
d) Earth's spinning around its axis

One reason why it is warmer in summer than in winter is
a) Earth gets closer to and farther from the Sun.
b) Earth turns faster in winter.
c) Sunlight strikes the ground at higher angles in summer.
d) Earth revolves around the Sun more times in summer.

What happens during a total solar eclipse?
a) The Moon's umbra passes over a location on Earth.
b) The Moon's penumbra passes over a location on Earth.
c) The Sun passes directly between Earth and the Moon.
d) Earth passes directly between the Sun and the Moon

The light-colored areas of the Moon are known as
a) the near side of the Moon
b) the far side of the Moon
c) the lunar lowlands
d) the lunar highlands

Impact craters are
a) mountains of dry, lifeless soil
b) the north and south poles of the Moon
c) pits caused by volcanoes billions of years ago
d) round features caused by space objects hitting the Moon

What lunar feature is a mare?
a) a light-colored mountain covered with craters
b) a dark-colored mountain formed from lava
c) a light-colored plain covered with craters
d) a dark-colored plain formed from lava

Where do the lengths of daylight change the most over the year?
a) at the poles
b) at the equator
c) at all locations in the Northern Hemisphere
d) at all locations in the Southern Hemisphere

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