Weathering, Soil And Mass Wasting: Question Preview (ID: 25456)

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This type of weathering breaks rock into smaller pieces without changing it chemically
a) Oxidation
b) Chemical
c) Rusting
d) Mechanical

The down slope movement of rock, regolith, and soil under the direct influence of gravity
a) Weathering
b) Erosion
c) Mass Wasting
d) Creep

The greater this is, the greater gravity will affect weathered rock or soil
a) Angle of Repose
b) Inclination of Slope
c) Slump
d) Frost Wedging

This is the force that moves soil down a slope
a) Electromagnetic
b) Weak
c) Strong
d) Gravity

This is the mechanical breakup of rock by the expansion of freezing water in cracks and crevices
a) Mass Wasting
b) Oxidation
c) Frost Wedging
d) Erosion

This is the process where weathered rock is removed from one area and transported to another
a) Erosion
b) Mass Wasting
c) Slumping
d) Angle of Repose

This has the slowest rate of downhill movement of soil
a) Fall
b) Slide
c) Flow
d) Creep

This type of weathering occurs when the internal structure of a mineral is altered.
a) Mechanical
b) Physical
c) Chemical
d) Water

This is the most abundant weak acid involved in chemical weathering and soil formation
a) Carbonic
b) Sulfuric
c) Hydrochloric
d) Citric

This is the steepest angle at which loose material remains stationary without sliding
a) Slumping
b) Angle of repose
c) Sumping
d) Scarp

Factors that affect this include climate, slope, and type of vegetation
a) Angle of Repose
b) Natural Soil Erosion
c) Soil Texture Triangle
d) Carbonic Acid

This is a type of chemical weathering that affects the iron in rocks that contain silicate minerals
a) Oxidation
b) Frost Wedging
c) Mechanical Weathering
d) Erosion

This is soil that develops on top of bedrock
a) Dry
b) Transported
c) Residual
d) Moist

This is the exposed, crescent shaped ruptured surface at the head of a slump
a) Creep Angle
b) Terrace slope
c) Slump
d) Scarp

This is a block of unconsolidated regolith that slides downhill along a curved surface
a) Falling
b) Sliding
c) Slumping
d) Scarping

This is the slow, downslope flow of water saturated material in permafrost areas
a) Falling
b) Scarping
c) Slumping
d) Solifluction

This is composed of mineral matter, water, air, and organic matter
a) Soil
b) Ragolith
c) Sediment
d) Silt

Soil profiles are divided into different zones or layers called this
a) Strata
b) Soil Horizons
c) Soil flaps
d) Soil Spheres

This is used to determine the percentages of sand, silt and clay in a soil
a) Angle of Repose
b) Inclination of Slope
c) Rise Run Theorem
d) Soil Texture Triangle

This includes all soil horizons above the C-horizon
a) Top Soil
b) Solum or True Soil
c) Bed Rock
d) Accumulation zone

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