AP Review Units 1-2 Question Preview (ID: 25397)

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29. States and localities have the most discretion in establishing policy when federal funding is derived from
a) categorical grants
b) matching grants
c) block grants
d) project grants

Which of the following actions by the federal government best illustrates the concept of unfunded mandates?
a) Requiring that polling booths remain open beyond the hours of the work day
b) Requiring states the municipalities to provide certain services for their citizens without providing resources to pay for t
c) Requiring state governments to guarantee short-term bonds issued by large municipalities in their states
d) Requiring all municipalities to impose a minimum property tax on all residential and business properties

60. Federal benefits that must be funded by Congress and must be paid to all citizens who meet eligibility criteria are called
a) discretionary appropriations
b) individual entitlements
c) distributive benefits
d) tax expenditures

In the organization of government, the principle of federalism is illustrated best by the
a) President’s power as commander in chief
b) separation of powers between the United States Supreme Court and Congress
c) representation system for electing senators
d) qualifications for the office of President

Which of the following statements most accurately compares elections in the United States with those in other Western democracies?
a) United States citizens have fewer opportunities to vote in elections
b) Political parties exert a stronger influence over voting in the United States
c) There are fewer obstacles to voting in the United States
d) The voter turnout rate in the United States is usually lower

Which of the following were LEAST likely to have been part of the New Deal electoral coalition?
a) Blue-collar workers
b) Racial minorities
c) Southerners
d) Northern business leaders

19. Which of the following statements reflects a pluralist theory of American politics?
a) American politics is dominated by a small elite
b) Public policies emerge from cooperation among elites in business, labor, and government
c) Public policies emerge from compromises reached among competing groups
d) American politics is dominated by cities at the expense of rural areas

American political culture is characterized by strong popular support for all of the following EXCEPT
a) the rule of law
b) limited government
c) individual liberty
d) economic equality

Which of the following is an accurate statement about political participation in the United States today?
a) A majority of Americans campaign for a candidate in each presidential election
b) Over 75% of Americans vote in presidential elections
c) People who participate in the political process are usually angry at the government
d) Similar proportions of eligible men and women vote in presidential elections

During the past forty-five year, all of the following changes in public opinion and political behavior have occurred in the United States EXCEPT
a) a decline in party competition in the South
b) a decline in the level of trust in government
c) a drop in voter turnout
d) an increase in ticket-splitting

Which of the following generalizations about group voting tendencies is true?
a) Jewish voters tend to vote Republican
b) More women than men identify themselves as Republicans
c) Rural voters are more likely to support Democratic candidates than are urban voters
d) African American Democrats tend to support the more liberal candidates within their party

Political socialization is the process by which
a) the use of private property is regulated by the government
b) governments communicate with each other
c) public attitudes toward government are measured and reported
d) political values are passed to the next generation

Which of the following is the most important influence on the choice made by voters in presidential elections?
a) Partisan identification
b) Party platform adopted at the national convention
c) Vice-Presidential running mate
d) Endorsement by political incumbents

When 18 to 21 year olds received the right to voted in 1971, in the 1972 elections they did which of the following?
a) Voted overwhelmingly for Republican candidates
b) Voted overwhelmingly for Democratic candidates
c) Turned out at a lower rate than the rest of the electorate
d) Turned out at the same rate as the rest of the electorate

Which of the following statements best describes the organization of the two major political parties in the United States?
a) Parties have no organizations except at the traditional level
b) Parties are centrally organized to provide a smooth transition from one national campaign to the next
c) Local and state parties have virtually no power in the party system
d) Separate and largely independent party organizations exist at the national, state and local levels

Considering all elections at all levels of government, which of the following best describes electoral behavior in the United States?
a) Primary elections tend to elicit a higher voter turnout than do general elections
b) The majority of the electorate does not vote in most elections
c) Voter turnout plays and insignificant role in election outcomes
d) Adult citizens under the age of 30 tend to have the highest rate of voter turnout

Which of the following statements about Democrats and Republicans is true?
a) City dwellers are more likely to call themselves Republicans than Democrats
b) Republicans are more likely than Democrats to label themselves “conservatives”
c) Republicans are more likely than Democrats to believe that adequate medical care should be guaranteed by the federal gove
d) People in working-class occupations are more likely to call themselves Republicans

Of the following groups of eligible voters, which is least likely to vote?
a) The young with low education levels
b) The middle-aged with low education levels
c) Middle-aged and older women
d) Blue-collar workers

Of the following, which best predicts the likelihood that citizens will vote?
a) Their race
b) Their religion
c) Their educational level
d) Their gender

Which of the following best explains why delegates to both the Republican and Democratic Conventions in 1996 were much more likely to have college and postgraduate degrees than was the rest of the voting population?
a) College education increases the likelihood of the holding liberal political
b) College education increases the likelihood of holding conservative political positions
c) Political activism increases with education levels
d) Education allows people to have more time to attend conventions

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