Industrial Revolution And Immigration: Question Preview (ID: 25164)

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In the period from 1890 to 1910, most immigrants from eastern and southern Europe settled in large cities of the eastern United States primarily because
a) they came mainly from large cities in their home countries
b) farmland had become very scarce
c) factory jobs were available for unskilled workers
d) there was much less discrimination in those cities

During the late 1800s and early 1900s, prejudice against “new” immigrants increased mainly because these immigrants
a) had job skills superior to those of most American workers
b) formed their own labor unions in order to receive higher wages
c) came from cultural backgrounds very different from that of the majority of other Americans
d) tried to replace American democracy with their own forms of government

The main objective of the quota system established by the immigration laws of the 1920s was to
a) prevent illegal immigration
b) encourage immigration of the wealthy and educated
c) reduce the number of immigrants from certain nations
d) admit persons who were previously banned from immigrating

The Chinese Exclusion Act, the Gentleman’s Agreement, and the National Origins Act were reactions to earlier United States policies of
a) requiring proof of literacy in order to be admitted
b) restricting immigration only to the wealthy
c) permitting unlimited immigration
d) encouraging the immigration of scientists

In 1892, the United States government opened Ellis Island primarily to
a) serve as the first federal prison in New York
b) defend New York City from attack
c) process immigrants arriving from overseas
d) check the safety of imported products

Which is the main way that ethnic groups in the United States have helped to shape the American culture?
a) Most newer groups have blended in and adopted the ways of earlier immigrants.
b) Each group kept cultural characteristics that became part of the American culture
c) Each group tried to be the dominant force in the United States
d) Ethnic groups made large financial contributions to the United States government.

Which event led to the passage of laws that created safer working conditions?
a) breakup of the Standard Oil Company
b) Triangle Shirtwaist fire
c) Pullman strike
d) Haymarket riot

mmigrants to the United States between 1890 and 1930 most frequently experienced discrimination because
a) spoke different languages and had different customs
b) remained more loyal to their homelands than to the United States
c) were better educated than earlier immigrants
d) entered the competition for scarce farmland

The Knights of Labor, Samuel Gompers, and The American Federation of Labor are most associated with
a) The Gospel of Wealth
b) The Railroad
c) Native Americans
d) Unions

In the years immediately following the Civil War, which change was brought about by the Industrial Revolution?
a) More goods were made at home.
b) More government regulation was placed onbig business.
c) More machinery was used to make goods.
d) More people left cities to live on farms.

A characteristic of the free-enterprise system is that
a) governments control product choices
b) foreign trade is discouraged
c) businesses compete for consumer dollars
d) stockholders are guaranteed a profit

What was an immediate economic result of the use of mass-production techniques in American factories?
a) expanding membership in labor unions
b) improved safety conditions
c) increased use of homemade goods
d) reduced cost of goods

Andrew Carnegie became famous in American business history for establishing what?
a) the Standard Oil Company
b) Large scale steel production
c) The Wharton School of Business
d) The first transcontinental railroad

One of the effects of the Industrial Revolution was increased urbanization, this means...
a) an increase in city population
b) an increase in immigrant population
c) an increase in farming population
d) an increase in country population

Which of the following would probably NOT find in a sweatshop?
a) Union flyers
b) Unsafe working conditions
c) Noisy machines
d) Child labor

Which group would most historians say was most negatively affected by the expansion of the railroad?
a) Steel Workers
b) Plains Native Americans
c) Railroad passengers
d) Railroad barons

Which of the following people created the Standard Oil monopoly?
a) J.P. Morgan
b) John D. Rockefeller
c) Cornelius Vanderbilt
d) James Hill

I remember last which these girls demanded more sanitary conditions...these dead bodies were the answer. The quote above is most likely referring to which event?
a) Wounded Knee Massacre
b) Triangle Shirt Waist Fire
c) Great Railroad Strike
d) The Sand City Massacre

A monopoly is a business situation in which
a) the government breaks up a company and takes over part of their stock.
b) one or a few firms control an industry while limiting competition
c) there is too much competition in an industry.
d) a worker union has control over an entire workforce

Which of the following did NOT contribute to the rise of big business?
a) Vast amounts of natural resources in the U.S.
b) Government involvement in the economy
c) The use of stocks to raise money
d) New technology used in factories

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