The Enlightenment: Question Preview (ID: 2512)

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Writers of the Enlightenment were primarily interested in
a) debating the role of the Church in society
b) supporting the devine right theory
c) promoting increased powers for European monarchs
d) changing the relationship between people and their government

Who believed that natural rights belong to all people from birth?
a) Thomas Hobbes
b) Catherine The Great
c) John Locke
d) Peter The Great

Which statement best summarizes a major belief of the Enlightenment period in European History?
a) Every person is born to serve the state
b) The Scientific Method poses a dangerous challenge to establish knowledge
c) No living creature shoiuld be killed
d) Individual achievement and dignity are of great importance

Why would European Monarchs be willing to adopt the ideas of the Enlightenment?
a) God has chosen all government rules
b) Every person is born to serve the state
c) The monarchs would gain more power
d) To gain respect and benefit the people

What was the scientific method ?
a) book about change
b) theory of motion
c) people used reason to find the truth and purpose for government
d) gathering and testing of ideas

Who did Joseph II support during the reform?
a) religious equality for Protestant and Jews in his Catholic Empire
b) Thomas Hobbes
c) absolute monarchs
d) serfdom

During the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment, one similarity in the work of many scientists and philosophers was that they
a) relied heavily on the ideas of medival thinkers
b) examined natural laws governing the univers
c) received support from the Catholic Church
d) favored an absolute monarchy as a way of improving economic conditions

A direct democracy is when
a) the government makes the laws
b) the government has absolute power
c) the people vote on laws
d) the king makes the rules

During what time did change occur slowly for most Europeans?
a) The Enlightenment
b) Renaissance
c) Scientific Revolution
d) French Revolution

Who would agree with the quotation "Power tends to corrupt; absolutely." -Lord Acton, British Historian
a) Louis XIV
b) Niccolo Machiavelli
c) Joseph Stalin
d) John Locke

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