Evolution Vocabulary Review: Question Preview (ID: 24880)


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a well-tested hypothesis that allows for accurate predictions about new situtations
a) independent variable
b) theory
c) hypothesis
d) line graph

structure that is inherited from ancestors but has lost all or most of its function
a) analogous structure
b) homologous structure
c) fossils
d) vestigial structure

individuals with adaptations well-suited to the environment will survive and reproduce
a) evolution
b) natural selection
c) survival of the fittest
d) theory

members of a population must compete for food, space, and other resources to survive
a) struggle for existence
b) descent with modification
c) survival of the fittest
d) evolution

random combinations or mutations in DNA that produce different phenotypes
a) adaptation
b) homologous structure
c) vestigial structure
d) natural variation

process by which organisms that are most suited to their environment survive and reproduce most successfully
a) fitness
b) survival of the fittest
c) natural selection
d) artificial selection

body parts that share a common structure and function
a) analogous structures
b) homologous structures
c) vestigial structures
d) fossils

how well a organism can survive and reproduce in its environment
a) fitness
b) fossils
c) natural variation
d) survival of the fittest

preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms
a) analogous structure
b) fossils
c) vestigial structure
d) theory

the process when organisms change over time
a) fitness
b) evolution
c) theory
d) adaptation

when related organisms independently evolve differences when adapting to different environments
a) evolution
b) fitness
c) adaptation
d) divergent evolution

when successful species develop into new species after many generations
a) divergent evolution
b) descent with modification
c) survival of the fittest
d) theory

when unrelated organisms independently evolve similarities within similar environments
a) natural selection
b) artificial selection
c) convergent evolution
d) divergent evolution

selective breeding of plants and animals to promote the occurrence of desirable traits in the offspring
a) convergent evolution
b) struggle for existence
c) natural selection
d) artificial selection

body parts that share a common function, but not a common structure
a) analogous structure
b) homologous structure
c) vestigial structure
d) fossils

inherited characteristics that increase an organism's ability to survive and reproduce
a) fitness
b) adaptation
c) mutation
d) natural variation

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