Evolution Review: Question Preview (ID: 24878)

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The large ground finch obtains food by cracking seeds. Its short, strong beak is an example of
a) the struggle for existence.
b) the tendency toward perfection.
c) an adaptation.
d) a vestigial organ/structure.

The woodpecker finch has a small, slender beak; the large ground finch has a large, wide beak. What process produced these two types of beak?
a) artificial selection
b) natural selection
c) geographical distribution
d) not using the beak

Farmers use the best livestock for breeding. This is an example of
a) natural selection.
b) artificial selection.
c) extinction.
d) adaptation.

DNA and RNA provide evidence of evolution because
a) all organisms have nearly identical DNA and RNA.
b) no two organisms have exactly the same DNA.
c) each RNA codon specifies one amino acid.
d) In most organisms, the same codons specify the same amino acids.

Which scientist created the theory of evolution by natural selection?
a) Charles Darwin
b) Thomas Malthus
c) James Hutton
d) Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

FIsh and whales are not closely related. The similarities in their structure are the result of
a) adaptive radiation.
b) convergent evolution.
c) divergent evolution.
d) punctuated equilibrium.

An example of a vestigial structure in humans is the
a) eye.
b) big toe.
c) appendix.
d) ribs.

Which pair of structures below is NOT homologous?
a) human arm and dog forelimb
b) human arm and whale fin
c) human arm and insect wing
d) human arm and bird wing

Which statement below is TRUE?
a) Individuals evolve more slowly than a whole species.
b) Individuals evolve and species do not.
c) Individuals evolve by changing the gene pool
d) Species evolve and individuals do not.

What type of evolutionary evidence do fossils provide?
a) structural
b) functional
c) physiological
d) critical

Which of the following is NOT direct evidence for evolution?
a) fossils
b) embryology
c) vestigial structures
d) bacterial resistance to antibiotics

Two closely related species of squirrels live on opposite sides of the Grand Canyon. The differences between these squirrels are the result of
a) mutation.
b) convergent evolution.
c) divergent evolution.
d) fitness.

intermediate fossils are important to evolution because they show
a) how organisms changed over time.
b) how animals behaved in their environment.
c) how the embryos of organisms develop.
d) similarities in chemical molecules.

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