Urinary System Review: Question Preview (ID: 24514)

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The kidney structure that encloses it and gives it a shiny appearance is the
a) renal capsule
b) renal cortex
c) renal pelvis
d) renal medulla

The structure that carries blood into the kidney is known as the
a) renal vein
b) renal artery
c) renal cortex
d) renal tubule

The tubule that expels urine from the body is the
a) ureters
b) urethra
c) renal tubule
d) renal vein

The structure that carries the blood out of the kidney is known as the
a) renal artery
b) ureters
c) renal tubule
d) renal vein

The tubules that carry the urine from the kidneys to the bladder are the
a) ureters
b) urethra
c) renal vein
d) renal artery

The center region of the kidney is known as the
a) renal medulla
b) renal pelvis
c) renal pyramid
d) renal cortex

The medial indentation of the kidney
a) renal pelvis
b) renal medulla
c) renal hilus
d) renal artery

The triangular shaped regions that contain the renal tubules are the
a) renal pyramids
b) renal column
c) renal cortex
d) calyces

The tissue that separates the pyramids in the medulla
a) calyces
b) renal columns
c) renal capsule
d) renal tubules

The structural and function unit of the kidneys is the
a) capsule
b) calyces
c) cortex
d) nephrons

The region of the kidney that funnels urine toward the ureters
a) renal pelvis
b) renal cortex
c) calyces
d) renal medulla

Which of the following is not a process involved in urine formation
a) filtration
b) secretion
c) transfusion
d) reabsorption

The process in which the glomerulus removes the majority of the fluid contents of the blood
a) filtration
b) reabsorption
c) secretion
d) transfusion

The process in which large ions and drugs are actively transported from the vein and into the renal tubule.
a) secretion
b) transfusion
c) reabsorption
d) filtration

The process in which 99% of filtrate is place back into the blood stream.
a) reabsorption
b) transfusion
c) filtration
d) secretion

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