Cold War #3 - Foreign Policy #1 (BM #3) - North Carolina Social Studies Games: Question Preview (ID: 24375)

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In the years just after World War II, the United States attempted to prevent the spread of communism in Europe mainly by
a) taking over the governments of several Western European nations
b) increasing opportunities for political refugees to settle in the United States
c) holding a series of summit meetings with leaders of the Soviet Union
d) establishing policies of economic and military aid for European nations

During the Korean War, what was the main reason that President Harry Truman dismissed General Douglas MacArthur as commander of the United States troops?
a) The United States had suffered many severe military losses.
b) Congress refused to appropriate any more money to support the war.
c) President Truman believed that General MacArthur’s conduct threatened the concept of civilian control over the military
d) General MacArthur disobeyed President Truman by deciding to stop fighting the war.

Which event led directly to the end of the cold war?
a) reunification of Germany
b) formation of the European Union
c) breakup of the Soviet Union
d) creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

Which development is most closely associated with the belief in the domino theory?
a) military involvement in Vietnam
b) construction of the Berlin Wall
c) signing of the nuclear test ban treaty
d) end of the Korean War

As World War II was ending, the United States decided to join the United Nations mainly because the United States
a) sought to meet the American public’s overwhelming demand for free-trade agreements
b) wanted to continue to play the same role it had in the League of Nations
c) recognized that efforts to achieve world peace required United States involvement
d) wanted to stop the growing influence of newly independent developing nations

After World War II, the United States was better able than its allies to adjust its economy from wartime to peacetime because the United States
a) possessed nuclear weapons
b) raised tariffs on imports
c) had collected its war debts from the Allies
d) had suffered no widespread wartime destruction

President Harry Truman supported a containment policy after World War II in an attempt to
a) limit the use of atomic bombs and other nuclear weapons
b) end colonialism in Africa and Asia
c) bring German and Japanese war criminals to justice
d) reduce the influence of the Soviet Union in European countries

After World War II, the Marshall Plan was proposed as a way to
a) improve diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union
b) help European nations recover economically
c) remove nuclear weapons from Western Europe
d) bring Nazi war criminals to justice

What was one result of World War II?
a) The arms race ended.
b) The Cold War ended.
c) Communism was eliminated.
d) Two superpowers emerged.

In the period following World War II, the United States established a long-term military presence in West Germany in an effort to
a) support the unification of Europe, by force if necessary
b) stop communist expansion in Europe
c) prevent the renewal of German aggression in Europe
d) allow the United Nations to resolve international disputes

A constitutional issue that was frequently raised about United States involvement in the Korean conflict and the Vietnam conflict was the
a) right to regulate commerce with foreign nations
b) use of deficit spending to finance wars
c) lack of a formal declaration of war by Congress
d) Supreme Court’s role in foreign policy decision-making

After World War II, the United States departed most sharply from its traditional foreign policy when it
a) stopped foreign-aid programs
b) sponsored disarmament treaties
c) organized global systems of alliances
d) recognized revolutionary governments

What was the main purpose of the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and the Berlin air-lift?
a) controlling Nazism in Europe
b) establishing friendly relations between the United States and the Soviet Union
c) spreading democracy to developing nations
d) limiting Soviet expansion

A common purpose of the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and the Eisenhower Doctrine was to
a) carry out the United States policy of preventing the spread of communism
b) insure the survival of the newly independent nations of Africa and Asia
c) limit the proliferation of nuclear weapons
d) provide medical aid to Latin American nations

The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan represented attempts by the United States to deal with the
a) national debt
b) spread of communism
c) President’s political opposition
d) arms race

Which leader wanted to use atomic bombs to end the Korean War?
a) President Harry S. Truman
b) General Douglas MacArthur
c) President Dwight D. Eisenhower
d) General George Marshall

The outcome, or final result, of the Korean War was _____.
a) atomic destruction of Chinese bases
b) victory for the United States
c) deadlock, or draw
d) victory for North Korea

The two superpowers during the Cold War were _______.
a) Great Britain and France.
b) the Soviet Union and the United States
c) the US and Great Britain
d) the Soviet Union and Germany

The use of military threats, arms buildups, and other techniques short of all-out war by the United States and the Soviet Union were called the ______.
a) Hot War
b) Vietnam War
c) Cold War
d) Korean War

The main goal of the Truman Doctrine was _______.
a) to stop the spread of communism
b) to send financial aid to Europe
c) to expand trade with Europe
d) to limit the buildup of nuclear weapons

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