Carbohydrates: Question Preview (ID: 24342)

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An example of a simple sugar, or monosaccharide, is:
a) fructose
b) lactose
c) maltose
d) sucrose

Which of the following is an example of a double sugar, or disaccharide?
a) galactose
b) fructose
c) glucose
d) sucrose

Which of the following is commonly known as table sugar?
a) fructose
b) sucrose
c) lactose
d) maltose

Which of the following is NOT a polysaccharide?
a) glucose
b) starch
c) glycogen
d) cellulose

Organic compounds that are the body's main source of energy are called:
a) enzymes
b) lipids
c) proteins
d) carbohydrates

How are carbohydrates made?
a) syneresis
b) photosynthesis
c) crystallization
d) gelatinization

The browning reaction that can occur with any kind of sugar is known as:
a) syneresis
b) caramelization
c) crystallization
d) gelatinization

The thickening of a starch mixture caused when starch granules absorb water and swell is called:
a) syneresis
b) retrogradation
c) gelatinization
d) caramelization

Research indicates that diets high in fiber may reduce the risk of _____.
a) colon cancer
b) heart disease
c) high cholesterol
d) all of the above

A carbohydate that is composed of MANY monosaccharides (such as cellulose) is known as:
a) trisaccharides
b) disaccharides
c) polysaccharides
d) octosaccharides

Which of the following is NOT a property of sugar?
a) cohesion
b) caramelization
c) solubility
d) sweetness

The main plant fiber found in food is called:
a) cellulose
b) glucose
c) glycogen
d) chitin

Carbohydrates have how many calories per gram?
a) 9
b) 7
c) 4
d) 3

Which of the following sugars is abundantly found in milk?
a) fructose
b) maltose
c) sucrose
d) lactose

Which hormone helps keep glucose in the blood at a normal level?
a) testosterone
b) insulin
c) thyroxine
d) estrogen

________ is the resistance to flow.
a) syneresis
b) viscosity
c) retrogradation
d) gelatinization

Which organ secretes insulin?
a) gallbladder
b) liver
c) thyroid
d) pancreas

Which carbohydrates provides the most bulk to the diet?
a) sucrose
b) lactose
c) fructose
d) cellulose

What form must all carbohydrates be in for cells to use them as an energy source?
a) insulin
b) glycogen
c) glucose
d) fructose

Extra glucose is stored in the liver and muscles as ______.
a) cellulose
b) insulin
c) galactose
d) glycogen

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