Weathering, Erosionand Deposition Test Review: Question Preview (ID: 24290)


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Weathering is defined as
a) the breakdown of rocks at Earth's surface
b) the transportation of broken down materials
c) the removal of materials from one place
d) displaced soil

Erosion is defined as
a) the transportation of weathered materials
b) chemical processes
c) mechanical processes
d) frost wedging

Water that hits the surface of the Earth on land and does not go into the groundwater becomes
a) streams and rivers
b) oceans
c) precipitation
d) transpiration

If a stream moving 200cm/sec slows down to 100cm/sec the particles that will fall out are
a) pebbles and sand only
b) pebbles and clay only
c) sand and silt only
d) silt and clay only

Which factor does NOT affect weathering rates?
a) isostasy
b) rock composition
c) climate
d) particle size

Glaciers create
a) U-shaped valleys
b) V-shaped valleys
c) stream valleys
d) deltas

Which of the following is NOT a way that rivers transport sediments?
a) direct load
b) bed load
c) suspended load
d) dissolved load

Smaller particles settle out of a stream
a) slower than larger particles
b) faster than larger particles
c) at the same time as larger particles
d) at an angle to larger particles

Which shape will settle faster in a stream that is decreasing in velocity?
a) a rounded particle
b) a flat particle
c) a low-density particle
d) all particles settle at the same rate

Glacial deposits are
a) poorly sorted and not graded
b) well sorted and not graded
c) well sorted and graded
d) poorly sorted and graded

Mountain landscapes have
a) high relief and deformed bedrock
b) low relief and deformed bedrock
c) high relief and undeformed bedrock
d) low relief and undeformed bedrock \

Plateau regions have
a) medium to high relief and undeformed bedrock
b) medium to high relief and deformed bedrock
c) low relief and deformed bedrock
d) low relief and no bedrock

Glaciers move
a) fastest in the middle
b) slowest in the middle
c) fastest on the sides
d) glaciers don't move

Dendritic stream patterns are found
a) in areas that have the same bedrock and a consistent gradient
b) in steep areas where streams flow steeply downward from a central mountain
c) in areas where there are a lot of faults
d) in highly eroded areas

Trellis stream patterns are found
a) in areas that have a lot of faults
b) in steep areas where streams flow steeply downward from a central mountain
c) in areas that have the same bedrock and a consistent gradient
d) in highly eroded areas

Annular stream patterns are found
a) in highly eroded areas
b) in areas that have the same bedrock and a consistent gradient
c) in steep areas where streams flow steeply downward from a central mountain
d) in areas that have a lot of faults

Which of the following statement is true about pebbles?
a) Any rock that weathers can become a pebble
b) All pebbles will form a rock called gabbro
c) Magma is composed of pebbles
d) Pebbles are the name of the smallest size of sediment

Which factor has the greatest influence on weathering?
a) Local climate
b) Local air pressure
c) Angle of insolation
d) Age of bedrock

The farthest that a glacier ever reached is marked by a
a) terminal morraine
b) recessional morraine
c) kettle lake
d) drumlin

Soil particles differ from the underlying bedrock because
a) most soil particles have been transported by glaciers
b) most soil particles have been transported by streams
c) most soil particles are soluble in water
d) most soil particles are uniform in size

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