Review For Earth Science: Question Preview (ID: 24109)

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How old are Earth's oldest rocks?
a) 4 hundred years
b) 4 thousand years
c) 4 million years
d) 4 billion

What does the length of time it takes a layer of rock to form tell us about it?
a) age
b) properties
c) environment
d) composition

During which time in Earth's history might glaciers like this have covered North America?
a) Dinosaur period
b) Ice Age
c) ocean age
d) sea level rising era

Which statement is TRUE about dunes?
a) Hurricane winds help form dunes.
b) ALL dunes form near the ocean.
c) Sand deposited by fast flowing water forms a dune.
d) Dunes form slowly over time.

Which areas of Earth's surface are likely places for earthquakes to occur?
a) coasts
b) oceans
c) plains
d) fault lines

Which of the following are processes that slowly change Earth's surface?
a) erosion and impact
b) earthquake and impact
c) erosion and deposition
d) volcanic action and earthquake

A fan shaped mass of mud and other sediment that forms where a river enters a large body of water is called a _____________. ?
a) canyon
b) delta
c) dune
d) valley

What has happened to glaciers due to the most recent changes in Earth's climate?
a) nothing
b) shrinking
c) growing
d) doubling in size

What is the name of a large mass of moving ice that exists all year?
a) glacier
b) iceberg
c) continent
d) ice shelf

Which rock layer is the oldest?
a) the top layer
b) the middle layer
c) they are all the same age
d) the bottom

Which of the following cause large-scale erosion and deposition?
a) sun
b) hail
c) condensation
d) glaciers

What do the fossils in the layer and the position of the layer tell us about the rocks?
a) age
b) type
c) composition
d) mineral content

What can scientists find out about rocks and fossils using radioactive dating? Scientists can find the __________ of a rock.
a) age
b) history
c) structure
d) composition

Where does magma come near the surface or reach Earth's surface?
a) core
b) mantle
c) volcano
d) atmosphere

Which of the following is most true about what happens in a volcanic region?
a) Magma can come near or reach Earth's surface
b) Magma sinks to the core.
c) Magma rises through the mantle.
d) Magma will rise to the core and become lava.

What is deposition?
a) rocks melting and changing
b) rock sediments accumulating
c) rocks breaking down into smaller rocks
d) rocks changing their mineral composition

Which natural forces MOST shape Earth's surface?
a) lightening, water, ice
b) glaciers, water, wind
c) glaciers, lightening, wind
d) ice, lightening, wind

Eroded materials accumulate as ____________.
a) ice melt
b) minerals
c) sediment
d) metamorphic rock

What causes volcanoes to have both violent and gentle eruptions?
a) structure and composition
b) exposure to the bad weather
c) continent location and structure
d) composition and age of the volcano

What is the process that causes rocks to fall from a cliff?
a) uplift
b) erosion
c) wind
d) chemical change

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