Unit 12 WH9 Test Review #1 Question Preview (ID: 23888)

Test Review.

Middle-class people in nineteenth-century Europe believed that;
a) hard work and proper etiquette were most important.
b) people should marry within their social class.
c) they cold never become members of the elite.
d) all women should work outside the home.

Einstein’s theory of relativity stated that;
a) space and time are relative to the observer.
b) space and time are relative to the observer.
c) relatives carry similar genes.
d) time, space, and matter are objective realities.

The term for the right to vote is :
a) leisure.
b) the new elite.
c) feminism.
d) suffrage.

The Zionist movement began when
a) Jews immigrated to Palestine to escape persecution.
b) artists began to think that art should exist for its own sake
c) artist began to paint outdoors.
d) psychoanalysis proved to be an effective treatment.

Sigmund Freud claimed that human behavior was ruled by
a) repressed childhood experiences.
b) the physical makeup of the brain.
c) conflicting emotions of love and hate.
d) conscious thoughts and desires.

Problems associated with the rapid urbanization included;
a) substandard housing and poor sanitation.
b) chronic shortages of domestic help.
c) feelings of isolation and loneliness.
d) corruption in local government.

In the nineteenth century, people’s living became more clearly divided into periods or work and leisure as a result of
a) industrialization.
b) feminism.
c) public education.
d) universal male suffrage.

In the Second Industrial Revolution, what innovations opened up new industrial frontiers?
a) steel, chemicals, electricity, and petroleum
b) textiles, railroads, iron, and coal
c) a world economy, psychoanalysis, and new products
d) radios, telephones, light bulbs, and telegraphs

What was a result of the harsh working conditions during the Industrial Revolution?
a) A movement for unregulated capitalism.
b) A movement toward labor unions.
c) A system of employee profit sharing.
d) A government takeover of factories.

What was one of the main social changes caused by the Industrial Revolution?
a) Less worldwide slavery and more international migration to cities. 
b) More worldwide slavery to meet the needs of industrial production.
c) More people working in agriculture.
d) Less international migration to cities.

Why did coal production expand greatly during the Industrial Revolution?
a) Coal was needed to produce iron and to run steam engines.
b) People preferred to use coal over oil because it could be used in combustible engines.
c) New methods of mining coal made it a very easy and safe job.
d) Coal was an environmentally clean method of fueling machines.

During the 1700s and 1800s, which of the following inspired revolutionary leaders in Latin America?
a) Socialism found in the writings of Karl Marx.
b) The power of absolute kings in Europe.
c) The power of absolute kings in Europe.
d) The ideals of freedom and individual rights found in the American Revolution.

How did changes in agricultural practices just before the Industrial Revolution impact society?
a) Allowed more peasants to remain in the countryside as farmers.
b) Caused mass food shortages and starvation.
c) Drove many peasants to move to towns to find jobs in factories. 
d) Allowed peasants to rise directly into the middle class.

In the early 1800s, what did the ideas of Enlightenment thinkers motivate many European colonies to consider abolition. What does an abolitionist believe?
a) Slavery should be expanded.
b) Slaves ought to be returned to their native lands.
c) Slavery should be maintained.
d) Slavery should be ended.

Foreign investors ensured their continued domination of the Latin American economy by;
a) draining raw materials from Latin American countries while keeping them dependent on manufactured goods.
b) enlisting powerful caudillos to subdue any possible uprisings among the peasant classes.
c) building factories in urban areas of Latin American while elimination lucrative cash crops.
d) refusing to develop transportation and communication systems in rural areas of Latin American.

he factory created a new labor system in which;
a) workers had to work regular hours and perform repetitive tasks.
b) products were produced by assembly line of workers and animals.
c) machines were valued more highly than the workers who ran them.
d) workers had to adjust to period of hectic work followed by idle periods.

The revolutionary outbursts in Europe in the 1830s and the 1840s were sparked by attitudes of;
a) romanticism.
b) nationalism.
c) conservatism.
d) religious intolerance.

The social change brought about by the Industrial Revolution was evident in the
a) emergence of the middle class and the working class
b) famines caused by families abandoning their farms
c) cloud of air pollution that choked the British Isles
d) growing death rates from accidents on the roads

The effect of the Crimean War was to
a) allow Russia to retain control of Moldavia and Walachia
b) Plunge the Estonia economy into a long period of decline
c) destroy the Concert of Europe and leave Russia without allies.
d) strengthen the Concert of Europe with the addition of France.

How did the assembly line make goods less expensive during the Industrial Revolution?
a) More goods could be produced in the same amount of time, so they cost less to make.
b) Business owners had to invest large sums of money to create safe working conditions.
c) The same amount of goods could be produced with fewer raw materials, so they were cheaper to make.
d) The owners of factories with assembly lines paid their workers less than other types of factory workers.

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