Biology Chapter 10: Question Preview (ID: 23778)

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An anticodon
a) is the site of translation
b) is a group of three sequential bases of mRNA
c) identifies the specific amino acid for tRNA
d) is a sugar found in DNA

A codon
a) is a group of three sequential bases of mRNA
b) identifies the specific amino acid for tRNA
c) is a repeating subunit of DNA and RNA
d) is the site of translation

Deoxyribose is
a) a sugar found in RNA
b) a sugar found in DNA
c) a sugar found in all nucleic acids
d) a sugar found in tRNA

Where does translation occur?
a) the nucleus
b) the mitochondria
c) the ribosome
d) outside the cell

Which of the following answers contains the four nitrogen-containing bases for RNA?
a) Thymine, Guanine, Adenine, Cytosine
b) Thymine, Guanine, Adenine, Uracil
c) Uracil, Guanine, Adenine, Cytosine
d) Thymine, Guanine, Uracil, Cytosine

A large region of DNA that directs the formation of a protein is called a
a) promoter
b) nucleotide
c) monomer
d) gene

Which of the following bonds to one specific type of amino acid?
a) mRNA
b) tRNA
c) rRNA
d) DNA

New mRNA is made through the process of
a) translation
b) transcription
c) duplication
d) crystallography

Complementary base pairing links
a) amino acids
b) nitrogen-containing bases
c) phosphate groups
d) proteins

Damaged DNA is usually repaired y
a) purines
b) nucleotides
c) enzymes
d) ribosomes

During replication, the two strands of DNA separate at a point called a
a) helicase
b) ribosomes
c) replication fork
d) mutation

A section of one DNA strand has the sequence ACCGAGGTT. What is the sequence of an mRNA transcribed from this section of DNA?

Nitrogen-containing bases are linked together by a
a) hydrogen bond
b) covalent bond
c) nitrogen bond
d) peptide bond

rRNA makes up the
a) reticulum
b) ribosome
c) amino acid key
d) RNA messenger

Transcription begins at a promoter region and continues until RNA polymerase reaches a stop codon
a) True
b) False

The double helix describes the spiral shape of DNA.
a) True
b) False

In DNA, adenine pairs ______________ and in RNA, adenine pairs with _______________.
a) uracil, thymine
b) thymine, thymine
c) uracil, thymine
d) thymine, uracil

Translation is the process of assembling amino acids.
a) True
b) False

In general, every organism has its own version of genetic code.
a) True
b) False

The repeating subunits in DNA and RNA are
a) nucleotides
b) sugars
c) amino acids
d) proteins

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