Industrial Revolution And Reform Movements: Question Preview (ID: 23730)

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Harriet Beecher Stowe is best known for writing Uncle Tom’s Cabin. This book helped gain support for the— (8.24A)
a) A. Abolitionist movement
b) B. Labor reform movement
c) C. Women’s rights movement
d) D. Reform of public education

Which of the following best explains a major consequence of improvements in transportation in the 1800s, such as the Erie Canal and the railroads? (8.27C)
a) A. Demand for manufactured goods decreased sharply because fewer and fewer people could afford to buy them
b) B. Factories produced fewer manufactured goods because most items could be made almost anywhere in the country
c) C. Demand for manufactured goods increased because factories could ship more quickly and more cheaply to distant markets
d) D. Demand for manufactured goods decreased because factories could not produce enough goods to fill orders received from dist

Horace Mann’s work to reform public education in Massachusetts led to all of the following EXCEPT— (8.24B)
a) A. Formal education for all slaves
b) B. Mandatory schools attendance laws
c) C. Increased state funding for public schools
d) D. A ban on formal religious education in public schools

Which of the following was a major result of the Industrial Revolution in the United States? (8.13B)
a) A. A reduced demand for workers
b) B. Greater freedom for slaves
c) C. Improved working conditions for all Americans
d) D. An overall increase in available goods and services

During the Industrial Revolution, an increase in urbanization also occurred. Which statement best explains why this happened? (8.13B)
a) A. Cities were larger than rural areas
b) B. Factories were located in the cities
c) C. Better housing was available in the cities
d) D. Many smaller businesses were located in the cities

What was one major effect of the opening of the Erie Canal? (8.27B)
a) A. The cost of shipping goods on eastern roads increased
b) B. The number of ships passing through northern ports decreased
c) C. The cost of shipping goods from the Midwest decreased
d) D. The volume of trade passing through southern ports increased

How did the development of the factory system encourage urbanization?
a) A. Manufacturers produced goods to export overseas
b) B. Labor unions were formed to protect mill workers
c) C. Workers moved closer to manufacturing centers
d) D. Industrialists invested in cotton plantations

As a result of her reform efforts, Dorothea Dix helped states— (8.24B)
a) A. Ban the sale and manufacture of alcohol
b) B. Establish high schools and colleges for girls
c) C. Build and maintain new mental health facilities
d) D. Legally grant married women control of inherited property

The introduction of interchangeable parts led directly to the—(8.27A)
a) A. Formation of the patent system
b) B. Creation of labor unions
c) C. Use of mass-production techniques
d) D. Eight-hour workday

The Bessemer steel process affected westward expansion in the United States by enabling— (8.27A)
a) A. Clipper ships to be built in order to transport passengers from the East Coast to the West Coast
b) B. Interstate canal system to be built in order to transport agricultural goods from west to east
c) C. Conestoga wagons to be built in order to carry people and goods to the West
d) D. Railroads to be built in order to carry people and goods to the West

Which statement best explains how protective tariffs contributed to the rapid industrialization of the United States? (8.13B)
a) A. Tariffs eliminate the import of all foreign-made goods, increasing the price of American-made goods.
b) B. Tariffs increased the price of foreign-made goods, making American-made goods cheaper for people to buy.
c) C. Tariffs provided money for people interested in creating or expanding factories, leading to an increase in factories in th
d) D. Tariffs decreased both the time and costs of manufacturing for factory owners, allowing them to build more and more factor

The growth of railroads during the nineteenth century affected U.S. business by— (8.27B)
a) A. Discouraging Congress from instituting tariffs
b) B. Increasing the cost of raw materials
c) C. Decreasing the wages of unskilled workers
d) D. Opening new markets for goods

The primary goal of the American Temperance Society was to— (8.24B)
a) A. Ban the spread of slavery to new territories
b) B. Decrease the consumption of alcohol
c) C. Gain the release of mentally ill people form prisons
d) D. Create a self-sufficient utopian society

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