Biomolecules, Cells, And Photo/resp: Question Preview (ID: 22969)

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When a carbohydrate polymer is broken down by hydrolysis, what molecules result?
a) amino acid
b) nucleotide
c) monosaccharide
d) fatty acid

The function of proteins includes acting as...
a) information storage
b) short-term energy storage and cell wall structure
c) long-term energy storage, cell membrane component, and insulation
d) structural support, transporters, and enzymes

During transcription,
a) DNA is used to make an mRNA copy in the ribosome
b) mRNA is copied from DNA in the nucleus
c) amino acids are put together by the ribosome to make proteins
d) RNA copies itself in the nucleu

The part of the cell that is a power plant, producing ATP
a) lysosome
b) ribosome
c) chloroplast
d) mitochondria

Part of the cell where translation occurs
a) ribosome
b) lysosome
c) golgi
d) mitochonria

If a cell, like a muscle cell, uses a lot of energy, we would expect...
a) that the cell would have a large number of chloroplasts
b) the cell would have a large vacuole
c) that the cell would have a large number of mitochondria
d) that the cell would not maintain homeostasis

Found in only some kinds of cells, made of the carbohydrate cellulose in plants, and protects cells
a) cell membrane
b) cell wall
c) cell transport
d) cell cycle

recycling center of the cell which breaks down nutrients, foreign invaders, and old organelles
a) golgi
b) nucleus
c) ribosome
d) lysosome

Part of cell that finishes synthesis of some proteins and ships them to the golgi. Covered in ribosomes.
a) rough endoplasmic reticulum
b) nucleolus
c) vacuole
d) vesicle

Control center of the cell that contains the DNA. Not found in prokaryotes.
a) nucleolus
b) central vacuole
c) mitochondria
d) nucleus

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