Final Exam Review Semester 1: Question Preview (ID: 22912)

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“Prices and wages should be determined by the marketplace.” The author of this statement would most probably support
a) government ownership of utilities
b) minimum-wage laws
c) wage and price controls
d) laissez-faire capitalism

After the Civil War, one way business leaders tried to eliminate competition was by
a) forming monopolies or trusts
b) developing overseas markets
c) increasing the prices of their products
d) paying high wages to their workers

The closing of the frontier and the growth of industry/business in the late 1800s are two factors often associated with the
a) reduction of exports to Asian nations
b) restoration of a plantation economy in the South
c) formation of alliances with other nations
d) rise of United States imperialism

In the United States, the main purpose of antitrust legislation is to
a) protect the environment
b) increase competition in business
c) encourage the growth of monopolies
d) strengthen the rights of workers

These factors pulled immigrants to the United States?
a) lack of food
b) religious persecution
c) poor economic conditions
d) potential employment

In the period from 1860 to 1890, which experience was shared by most Native Americans living in western states?
a) They maintained control of their traditional lands.
b) They benefited economically from government policy.
c) They became farmers and small business owners.
d) They were forced to live on reservations.

Up to our own day American history is the history of the colonization of the Great West. The existence of an area of free land, and the advance of American settlement westward explain American development. This quote suggests that American frontier
a) should be preserved for free use by all the people
b) has mirrored European values and social patterns
c) had little impact on the native population
d) has had a positive effect on the growth of the United States

The institution of slavery was formally abolished in the United States by the
a) Compromise of 1850
b) Emancipation Proclamation of 1863
c) creation of the Freedmen’s Bureau in 1865
d) ratification of the 13th amendment in 1865

In the ten years following the Civil War, a large numbers of former slaves earned a living by becoming
a) conductors on the Underground Railroad
b) workers in Northern factories
c) sharecroppers on Southern farms
d) gold miners in California

Although important strides were made, Reconstruction failed to provide lasting guarantees of the civil rights of the freedmen.” Which evidence best supports this statement
a) passage of Jim Crow laws in the latter part of the 19th century
b) ratification of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments
c) refusal of Southern States to allow sharecropping
d) passage of the Civil Rights Acts of 1866

The Jim Crow laws of the post-Civil War Era were attempts by
a) the Federal Government to improve the status of African Americans and Native American Indians
b) state and local governments to restrict the freedoms of African Americans
c) states to ban organizations such as the Ku Klux Klan
d) the Radical Republicans in Congress to carry out Reconstruction plans

The rulings of the Supreme Court in Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) all demonstrate that the Supreme Court has
a) continued to extend voting rights to minorities
b) protected itself from internal dissent
c) failed to protect the rights of minorities
d) often imposed restrictions on free speech during wartime

A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free.” -Abraham Lincoln, 1858. According to this quotation, Abraham Lincoln believed that
a) slavery was immoral and should be abolished immediately
b) sectional differences threatened to destroy the Union
c) the Southern states should be allowed to secede
d) to save the nation, the North should compromise with the South on slavery

To avoid having too much power concentrated in one branch of government, the framers of the Constitution established
a) a bicameral national legislature
b) division of power among local, state and federal levels of government
c) the system of two political parties
d) the system of checks and balances

What was one effect that mass transit had on American cities?
a) Most urban workers no longer had to live in tenements.
b) The number of skyscrapers increased dramatically because there was no room left on the ground.
c) Conflicts over ethnic and racial divisions declined because people could live farther apart.
d) Cities marked off separate zones for heavy industry, financial institutions, residences, and public spaces.

Freedom of assembly is guaranteed by the First Amendment, but assemblies may legally be broken up when protesters
a) attempt to disrupt public safety
b) publicly oppose U.S. foreign policy.
c) express opinions that are controversial.
d) are members of a religious organization.

Which fundamental political idea is expressed in the Declaration of Independence?
a) The government should guarantee every citizen economic security.
b) The central government and state governments should have equal power.
c) If the government denies its people certain basic rights, that government can be overthrown.
d) Rulers derive their right to govern from God and are therefore bound to govern in the nation’s best interest.

Which phrase from the Declaration of Independence most clearly reflects the idea that the people are the source of government?
a) “. . . that all men are created equal
b) “. .. all men are . . . endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights
c) “. . . deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. . .“
d) “. . . governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes .

The major reason the Bill of Rights was added to the United States Constitution was to
a) limit the power of state governments
b) protect individual liberties against abuse by the Federal Government
c) provide for equal treatment of all people
d) separate powers between the three branches of government

In the United States, reporters’ exercise of freedom of the press may be legally restricted under what circumstances?
a) when reporters disagree with official government policies
b) when reporters are granted interviews with leaders of other countries
c) when reporters discover that elected officials have engaged in illegal activities
d) when reporters have information that could threaten national security if published

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