Physical Science - Matter And Thermal Energy Question Preview (ID: 22841)

Chapter 14.1: Matter Can Exist As A Solid, Liquid, A Gas, Or As Plasma. Practice Vocabulary And Learning Objectives.

What is the amount of energy needed to change a solid to a liquid at its melting point?
a) heat of vaporization
b) heat of fusion
c) negligible
d) sublimation

What is water in the solid state?
a) liquid
b) air
c) oxygen
d) ice

What is the most common state of matter in the universe?
a) gas
b) liquid
c) solid
d) plasma

In a ___________, particles are arranged in repeating geometric patterns.
a) plasma
b) crystal
c) gas
d) liquid

Describe how the particles of a substance behave at its melting point.
a) They begin to slip out of their ordered arrangement.
b) They overcome atmospheric pressure and escape from the liquid.
c) They gradually turn into a liquid of a temperature range.
d) They are composed of individual crystal picture elements.

Which of the following has the most kinetic energy?
a) helium inside a balloon
b) a rock sitting on the ground
c) water in a glass
d) a copper wire

Which of the following describes the movement of particles in a solid?
a) Particles move freely.
b) Particles slide past each other.
c) Particles vibrate in place.
d) Particles slip out of their ordered arrangement.

All matter is composed of small __________.
a) ions
b) particles
c) dots
d) molecules

What is the SI unit of temperature?
a) K
b) C
c) F
d) M

What is sublimation?
a) solid changing directly to a gas without forming a liquid
b) solid changing to liquid before forming gas
c) gas vaporizing
d) a temperature that rises evenly as energy is added

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