Physical Science - Thermal Energy: Question Preview (ID: 22754)

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The atoms and molecules that make up matter are in continuous, ____________ motion.
a) random
b) static
c) happy
d) frozen

The ability to do work or cause change is called ___________.
a) watts
b) energy
c) heat
d) temperature

Mass per unit volume of a substance is called ___________.
a) density
b) time
c) velocity
d) weight

The sum of the potential energy and kinetic energy in a system is called _______________ energy.
a) mechanical energy
b) potential energy
c) chemical energy
d) elastic energy

A device that transforms radiant energy from the Sun into thermal energy is called a _____________________.
a) solar collector
b) simple machine
c) heat pump
d) thermal insulator

Thermal energy of an object increases when the average ___________ energy of the particles that make up that object increases.
a) potential
b) kinetic
c) chemical
d) gravitational

Transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves, such as microwaves and light, is called ______________.
a) convection
b) radiation
c) conduction
d) rationalization

The study of the relationships between thermal energy, heat, and work is called ________.
a) thermodynamics
b) chemistry
c) thermalogy
d) dynamic equilibrium

Which is energy that is transferred between objects due to a temperature difference between those objects?
a) heat
b) radiation
c) conduction
d) insulation

In the thermal energy equation, change in thermal energy = mass x temperature change x __________
a) time
b) veloicity
c) specific heat
d) magnetism

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