U.S. History EOC - Midterm Review 1: Question Preview (ID: 22200)

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How did government policies of the Gilded Age of the late 1800s promote industrialization?
a) Imperialism fueled steel production in the United States.
b) New Deal policies created jobs for many of the unemployed.
c) The Sherman Antitrust Act allowed for regulation of big business.
d) Laissez-faire economic policies allowed private businesses to operate freely.

Which of these statements describes an obstacle to the assimilation of immigrant groups in the United States in the late 1800s?
a) Anti-Semitism caused Jewish immigrants to settle in mostly rural areas.
b) Chinese immigrants working for lower wages caused resentment.
c) The war made United States citizens view German immigrants as enemy combatants.
d) McCarthyism caused United States citizens to be suspicious of Soviet immigrants.

In the late 1800s, why did the Great Plains region become closely associated with the Populist movement?
a) A large portion of the population was industrial workers.
b) Many cattle ranchers worked there.
c) A large portion of the population was farmers.
d) Many immigrants settled there.

How did the government’s policy of manifest destiny affect Native Americans living on the plains in the late 1800s?
a) Native Americans were forced to accept treaties and land east of the Mississippi River.
b) Native Americans were forced to give up reservations with the passage of the Monroe Doctrine.
c) Native Americans were forced to mine gold discovered by settlers.
d) Native Americans were forced onto reservations while settlers took their land.

How did the Federal Reserve’s higher interest rates in the 1930s complicate the Great Depression?
a) People were less likely to leave their money in unstable banks.
b) People began spending their money rather than saving it.
c) People saved money rather than spending it.
d) People were more likely to take out loans.

Why did United States business interests favor overseas expansion in the late 1800s?
a) to establish a commonwealth of colonies
b) to establish military bases around the world
c) to acquire new markets and sources of raw materials
d) to spread democratic ideals to other areas of the world

Why was the purchase of Alaska in 1867 important to the development of the United States economy?
a) The land was rich in timber, gold, and oil.
b) The region set up an extensive trading network.
c) It made the country a dominant imperialistic force. It made the country a dominant imperialistic force.
d) It established thousands of square miles of national forests.

Why did people in the Great Depression call their temporary settlement communities “Hoovervilles”?
a) President Hoover was very popular during the depression.
b) They blamed President Hoover for the depression.
c) They wanted to remember President Hoover.
d) President Hoover grew up in similar housing

Why were the League of Nations and the United Nations created?
a) to end world hunger
b) to prevent future wars
c) to unify the world economy
d) to spread democracy in the world

Why did Congress pass laws protecting civil rights during Reconstruction?
a) to reverse the Dred Scott decision
b) to abolish black codes in the South
c) to punish former Confederate soldiers
d) to help former slaves migrate to the North

The Kansas-­‐Nebraska Act concerned which issue?
a) the right of Northerners to own slaves
b) the sale of federal lands to slave owners
c) the expansion of slavery into new territories
d) the return of slaves who had escaped from the South

Which of these was a direct consequence of the Civil War?
a) the disintegration of the Whig Party
b) the addition of new states to the Union
c) the use of popular sovereignty to decide the issue of slavery
d) the extension of voting rights to African American men

What was the main accomplishment of the Freedmen's Bureau?
a) providing aid and education to emancipated slaves
b) helping Confederate states get readmitted to the Union
c) securing protections for African Americans' voting rights
d) preventing violence against African Americans in the South

Which of the following was the main reason that the federal government created a method for Native Americans to become U.S. citizens?
a) to reduce the amount of money spent supporting Native Americans
b) to encourage Native Americans to assimilate into mainstream society
c) to undermine the legal basis of the treaties made with Native American tribes
d) to guarantee that Native Americans enjoyed constitutionally protected civil rights

Which statement describes both the First and Second Industrial Revolutions?
a) Both revolutions resulted in migration from urban to rural areas
b) Both revolutions led to an increase in the number of farmers.
c) Both revolutions produced technologies that improved productivity.
d) Both revolutions relied on steel and oil resources to promote growth.

The U.S. acquisition of which of the following territories limited Spain’s influence in the Western Hemisphere?
a) Samoa
b) Hawaii
c) Puerto Rico
d) the Virgin Islands

Which statement describes the role played by the U.S. journalists during the Spanish-­‐American war?
a) Journalists provided frequent reports of the fighting, allowing the public to follow a foreign war closely for the first time
b) Journalists focused on bad news rather than good news in order to criticize the decisions made by the president
c) Journalists ignored the signs of impending war until it was too late to inform the public of the government’s intentions
d) Journalists exaggerated events to build support for the war, making diplomatic resolutions impossible

Which of the following describes a reason for U.S. involvement in World War I?
a) U.S. citizens worried that the Central Powers might be swayed to adopt a non-­‐democratic form of government.
b) U.S. citizens were persuaded by German propaganda that placed Britain and France’s cruelty on display.
c) U.S. leaders feared that Germany might gain too much control and negatively affect American security and trade.
d) U.S. leaders argued that the stage of war might shift from European soil to territory in the United States.

Which movement benefited the most from its members’ contributions to the war effort during World War I?
a) populism
b) civil rights
c) temperance
d) women’s suffrage

What was the main purpose of the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887?
a) to ensure the spread of manufacturing across the frontier
b) to remove import taxes for goods shipped from one state to another
c) to protect American agriculture and industry from foreign competition
d) to prevent railroads from charging farmers and merchants high shipping rates

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