Turn Of The Century #5 - NC Social Studies - Middle School: Question Preview (ID: 21594)

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Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois shared the belief that African Americans should
a) use force to bring an immediate end to segregation in public facilities
b) pursue education as the key to improving social status
c) recognize that the growth of labor unions was the major barrier to economic advancement
d) strive for immediate social equality with whites

E.B. Du Bois believed that African Americans should attempt to gain equality in the United States by
a) setting up a separate nation within the United States
b) entering vocational training programs in separate schools
c) demanding full and immediate participation in American society
d) taking over the leadership of the two major political parties

Which statement about the philosophies of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois is most accurate?
a) They differed as to the best way that African Americans could effectively achieve equality.
b) Both demanded programs that would provide for immediate social equality.
c) Both believed that vocational training would provide the most important kind of education for African Americans.
d) Neither wanted the Federal Government to play a major role in protecting the civil rights of African Americans.

Which statement best summarizes the beliefs of Booker T. Washington?
a) The best solution for African Americans was to return to Africa.
b) Social equality for African Americans would be easier to achieve than legal rights.
c) The way to dissolve the barriers of segregation and bring about an end to Jim Crow laws was by active, violent resistance.
d) The most immediate means for African Americans to achieve equality was to expand their opportunities for vocational education

Which practice did Progressive reformer Ida Tarbell condemn in her articles on the Standard Oil Company?
a) interstate commerce
b) investment
c) open shops
d) trusts

What was the main reason disease spread rapidly in American cities in the late 1800s?
a) Mass transit was unclean and caused air pollution.
b) There was not enough electricity to safely preserve food.
c) City officials used funds meant for clean-up to bribe supporters.
d) Crowded tenements put more people in contact with each other.

politcal cartoon - president thedore roosevelt in hunting gear has killed a monkey labeled ''bad trust'' and caputred one labeled ''good trust''---According to this cartoonist, what is President Theodore Roosevelt’s policy toward trusts?
a) Good trusts must be destroyed.
b) Good trusts must be controlled; bad trusts broken up.
c) Trusts must use their resources to protect the environment.
d) Only bad trusts should be regulated.

why did immigration increase rapidly between 1895 and 1905? (hint:specifically this 10 year period)
a) Railroad construction created jobs for immigrants.
b) Cheap land prices in the West attracted immigrant farmers
c) Industrial growth provided factory jobs for immigrants.
d) World War I caused immigrants to flee Europe.

Booker T. Washington stated that the best way for formerly enslaved persons to advance themselves in American society was to
a) leave their farms in the South and move to the North
b) run for political office
c) pursue economic gains through vocational training
d) form a separate political party

Jacob Riis and Upton Sinclair are considered muckrakers because they
a) established a new political party
b) exposed corruption and abuses in society
c) organized labor unions
d) drew cartoons to criticize politicians

During the late 1800s and early 1900s, one way in which the temperance movement and the woman’s suffrage movement were similar is that both tried to
a) protect the rights of factory workers
b) reduce the power of big business
c) end protective tariffs to aid consumers
d) achieve reform by supporting a constitutional amendment

During both Andrew Jackson’s presidency in the 1830s and the Progressive movement in the early 1900s, democracy was expanded by
a) extending civil rights for Native American Indians
b) establishing term limits for elected officials
c) decreasing the number of elected officeholders
d) increasing citizen participation in the government

Progressive Era reformers tried to reduce the gap in wealth between the rich and the poor by
a) creating the Federal Reserve System
b) giving voters the power of referendum and recall
c) implementing a graduated income tax
d) establishing the Federal Trade Commission

The term muckraker was used during the Progressive Era to describe
a) dissatisfied workers who went on strike
b) Northerners who went South following the Civil War
c) investigative journalists who exposed societal problems
d) women who supported the Prohibition movement

Which statement best summarizes the perspective of President Theodore Roosevelt concerning natural resources?
a) Decisions about conservation are best left to the states
b) Corporations can be trusted to use natural resources wisely.
c) The federal government must protect the nation’s lands from exploitation.
d) The free market should set the value of the nation’s natural resources.

political cartoon - president Theodore Roosevelt looking into smelly disgusting pit of animal parts -the words ''meat scandal'' appears ---In 1906, the federal government responded to the situation shown in the cartoon by
a) taking control of meatpacking facilities
b) sending federal troops to end a strike by meatpackers
c) banning imported meat products
d) authorizing government inspection of meat processing plants

political cartoon - president Theodore Roosevelt looking into smelly disgusting pit of animal parts -the words ''meat scandal'' appear ---Which book was responsible for prompting the investigation illustrated in this cartoon?
a) The Octopus by Frank Norris
b) The Jungle by Upton Sinclair
c) The Shame of the Cities by Lincoln Steffens
d) How the Other Half Lives by Jacob Riis

During the Progressive Era, support for a graduated income tax was based primarily on the
a) desire of corporations to reduce their taxes
b) need to raise income from the lower classes
c) belief that all people should be taxed the same
d) resentment over the unequal distribution of wealth

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