Turn Of The Century #3 - NC Social Studies - Middle School: Question Preview (ID: 21584)

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''millions of acres - iowa, nebraska - for sale on 10 years credit'' ---What happened as a result of offers like the one shown on this 1872 poster?
a) More Native American Indians on the Great Plains were forced onto reservations.
b) The government began to restrict the number of acres that people could buy.
c) The Great Plains states became the new center for manufacturing.
d) Missouri and Nebraska became new territories.

During the late 1800s, the principles of Social Darwinism and laissez-faire economics were most closely associated with the interests of
a) farmers
b) coal miners
c) organizers of labor unions
d) owners of big businesses

Congress passed the Interstate Commerce Act (1887) and the Sherman Antitrust Act (1890) in response to
a) foreign influences on the United States economy
b) public demand for better roads
c) monopolistic practices that were harmful to small businesses
d) the failure of federal banks to provide loans to individuals

patents granted in the US = 1800 - 41 patents, 1810 - 223, 1820 - 155, 1830 - 544, 1840 - 458, 1850 -884, 1860 - 4,363, 1870 -12,157 ----What best explains the trend shown in this table?
a) Industrial growth was helped by innovation.
b) Government regulation increased during the 1800s.
c) A system for granting patents developed only in the late 1800s.
d) Americans were less interested in new ideas earlier in their history.

Coal Production in the US -- 1829 - 240,000 tons, 1839 - 1,560,000 tons, 1849 - 6,448,000, 1859 - 15,633,000 ----what best explains the trend shown in this table?
a) Government regulations made coal mining safer.
b) Industrial factories and railroads used coal for fuel.
c) Deforestation created demand for new energy sources.
d) The United States acquired new territories rich in coal.

''we rolled out of the station at Omaha, and started westward ...to those of us who had yet to experience what it is to eat in one of Pullman’s hotels on wheels . . .. Then to bed in luxurious couches''Which statement is best supported by the excerpt
a) Railroads made travel to the western United States easier
b) Steamboat travel was possible only for the few who could afford it.
c) Stagecoaches were the quickest way to travel in the West during the 1870s
d) Canals shortened the time and distance that it took to travel across the country.

Some Important Innovations Introduced in the US: • 1793 – cotton gin • 1834 – Cyrus McCormick’s mechanical reaper • 1837 – John Deere’s steel plow • 1873 – Joseph Glidden’s barbed wire --What was one result of the innovations listed?
a) smaller average farm sizes
b) less reliance on slave labor
c) higher wages for farm workers
d) improved agricultural production

A Milestone in U.S. Transportation • Completed in 1869 • Shortened travel between San Francisco and New York to a week • $50 million worth of freight carried from coast to coast every year within ten years of its completion ---What milestone ?
a) the Erie Canal
b) the Pony Express
c) the Cumberland Road
d) the Transcontinental Railroad

How did railroads most impact farming in the West during the late 1800s?
a) They connected farms with distant markets for selling their harvest.
b) They helped large landowners illegally acquire land from homesteaders
c) The greater ease of transportation led many farmers to change to cattle ranching
d) They made owning large farms more difficult by laying tracks through farmlands.

How did the distribution of wealth in the United States change due to industrialization in the late 19th century?
a) Industrialists grew rich while factory workers remained poor.
b) Many industrialists created profit-sharing plans for their employees.
c) Women’s wages for factory jobs became equal to men’s wages.
d) Congress passed legislation to require industries to pay a minimum wage.

How did Andrew Carnegie vertically integrate the steel industry?
a) buying his competition and closing their plants
b) buying iron mines and means of transportation
c) persuading laborers and managers to cooperate
d) bribing government officials to allow a monopoly

Which of the following acts by the United States government ended religious expression for the Sioux Nation and closed the American Frontier?
a) Sand Creek Massacre
b) Massacre at Wounded Knee
c) Fetterman's Massacre
d) Custer's Last Stand

When Susan B. Anthony refused to pay a fine for voting illegally in the election of 1872, she stated: “Not a penny shall go to this unjust claim.” Her action was an example of
a) anarchy
b) judicial review
c) civil disobedience
d) vigilante justice

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