Turn Of The Century #2 - North Carolina Social Studies: Question Preview (ID: 21582)

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“Prices and wages should be determined by the marketplace.” The author of this statement would most probably support
a) government ownership of utilities
b) minimum-wage laws
c) wage and price controls
d) laissez-faire capitalism

Prior to 1890, United States businesses made few foreign investments mainly because
a) state governments discouraged foreign investments
b) foreign investments were prohibited by Congress
c) foreign nations did not accept investments from United States businesses
d) investment opportunities were better in the United States

After the Civil War, one way business leaders tried to eliminate competition was by
a) forming monopolies or trusts
b) developing overseas markets
c) increasing the prices of their products
d) paying high wages to their workers

In the United States, organized labor made its greatest membership gains when
a) the right to unionize and bargain collectively was guaranteed by legislation
b) international competition began to threaten jobs in the United States
c) the major business groups encouraged unionization
d) the economy began to shift from manufacturing to service employment

Which factor most limited the growth of labor unions during the late 1800’s?
a) Most employers were very hostile toward workers’ efforts to organize.
b) Most factory workers were satisfied with their wages and working conditions.
c) The Federal Government declared that unions were illegal.
d) Workers preferred to negotiate with factory owners as individuals rather than as members of a group.

In the 19th century, the major national labor unions wanted to improve the position of workers mainly by
a) obtaining the legal right to organize and bargain collectively
b) using government troops to settle labor disputes with management
c) supporting government ownership of major industries
d) endorsing a third political party for workers only

Many reformers who opposed the laissez-faire attitude of the late 19th century argued that
a) the National Government should not interfere in the activities of big business
b) national wealth could best be assured by the accumulation of gold
c) the idea of rugged individualism is vital to the nation’s economic growth
d) government should protect society through the regulation of business

A major way in which the United States has practiced economic nationalism has been to
a) implement protective tariffs to help American industry
b) establish social welfare programs to aid the poor
c) pass legislation outlawing most monopolies
d) require industry to provide safe working conditions for employees

In the United States, industrial unions of the 1880’s and of the 1980’s had similar goals in that both campaigned for
a) national health insurance
b) better unemployment insurance
c) greater job security and higher wages
d) wage and price freezes

In the United States, the main purpose of antitrust legislation is to
a) protect the environment
b) increase competition in business
c) encourage the growth of monopolies
d) strengthen the rights of workers

In the period from 1865 to 1900, the United States Government aided the development of the West by
a) maintaining free and unlimited coinage of silver
b) offering low-interest loans to businesses
c) granting land to railroad companies
d) providing price supports for farm products

Which term best describes United States economic policy during the era of the rise of big business (1865-1900)?
a) laissez-faire capitalism
b) mercantilism
c) Marxism
d) welfare-state capitalism

The purpose of the Interstate Commerce Act (1887), the Sherman Antitrust Act (1890), and the Clayton Antitrust Act (1914) was to
a) eliminate unfair business practices
b) reduce imports from foreign nations
c) reduce the power of the unions
d) increase the power of local governments

Why did the United States follow a policy of unrestricted immigration for Europeans during most of the 1800’s?
a) Business and industry depended on the foreign capital brought by immigrants.
b) The American economy needed many unskilled workers
c) Most Americans desired a more diversified culture.
d) The United States wanted to help European nations by taking in their surplus population.

Which statement is closest to the philosophy of Social Darwinism?
a) The best way to economic recovery is to subsidize industry so that it will hire more workers and expand production.
b) If jobs are not available, the government must create jobs for those who are unemployed.
c) According to human nature, the most talented people will always come out on top.
d) Our government is responsible for the nation’s economic well-being.

According to the theory of laissez faire, the economy functions best when the government
a) subsidizes business so that it can compete worldwide
b) regulates businesses for the good of the majority
c) owns major industries
d) does not interfere in business

In the late 19th century, the major argument used by labor union leaders against immigrants was that immigrants
a) contributed little to enrich American life
b) refused to assimilate into American culture
c) took jobs from United States citizens
d) placed financial drains on social services

“Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free'' - Which attitude about immigration is reflected in this poem, which is inscribed on the Statue of Liberty?
a) People from all nations should be welcomed.
b) Educated professionals should be given preference.
c) Quotas should be adopted to limit certain ethnic groups.
d) The influx of unskilled people should be restricted.

imagine a Political Cartoon - Of Rich wealthy men being help up many unhappy workers. ---Which statement most accurately expresses the main idea of this 1883 cartoon?
a) Most workers in the United States can become business owners.
b) Business owners have achieved wealth through their own hard work.
c) Social classes arise from the natural differences in the abilities of individuals.
d) The wealthy are benefiting from the efforts of the working class.

imagine a Political Cartoon - Of Rich wealthy men being help up many unhappy workers. ---The problem shown in the cartoon was addressed during the late 1800s primarily by the
a) organization of labor unions
b) implementation of the Populist Party platform
c) elimination of child labor
d) increase in immigrant workers

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