Unit 1: Renaissance, Reformation, And Age Of Exploration: Question Preview (ID: 21432)

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One result of the European conquest of Latin America was that in Latin America
a) Spanish became the major spoken language
b) Native American cultures flourished
c) the Aztec religion spread
d) many parliamentary democracies were established

The Crusades indirectly contributed to the discovery of the New World by
a) forcing the religious conversion of the Muslim population
b) forcing the Turks to flee from Constantinople
c) stimulating European demand for goods from the East
d) increasing the power of the feudal lords

In many Latin American nations, a major effect of colonial rule has been the
a) concentration of power in a small group of landowners
b) minor political role of the military
c) equal distribution of wealth among social classes
d) economic control held by the Indian population

The influence of African culture on some areas of Latin America was largely a result of the
a) American Revolution
b) building of the Panama Canal
c) success of Communist Revolutions
d) Atlantic Slave Trade

Which was a characteristic of the policy of mercantilism followed by English colonial rulers in North America?
a) the colonies were forced to develop local industries to support themselves
b) England sought trade agreements between its colonies and the English colonies in North America
c) the colonies were required to provide raw materials to England and to purchase English manufactured goods
d) England encouraged the colonies to develop new political systems to meet colonial needs

In Latin America during the early period of Spanish colonialism, the deaths of large numbers of the native people led to
a) a decline in Spanish immigration to the Americas
b) the removal of most Spanish troops from the Americas
c) the importation of slaves from Africa
d) improved health care in the colonies

One reason the Spanish conquistadors were able to conquer the Aztec and Inca Empires rapid is that
a) these empires had no standing armies
b) the Spanish had better weapons than the Aztecs and Incas did
c) the Spanish greatly outnumbered the Aztecs and Incas
d) the Aztecs and Incas joined together to fight the Spanish

The Native American population of Mexico in 1492 has been estimated at 25 million; the population in 1608 has been estimated at 1.7 million. This decrease in population was mainly a result of
a) crop failures brought on by poor weather conditions
b) emigration of Native Americans to Europe and Africa
c) wars between various native groups
d) diseases introduced by the Spanish

A major result of the Age of Exploration was
a) a long period of peace and prosperity for the nations of Western Europe
b) extensive migration of people from the Western Hemisphere to Europe and Asia
c) the fall of European national monarchies and the end of the power of the Catholic Church
d) the beginning of a period of European global domination (imperialism)

Which was an immediate result of the European Age of Exploration?
a) Islamic culture spread across Africa and Asia
b) European influence spread to the Western hemisphere (New World)
c) independence movements developed in Asia and Africa
d) military dictatorships were established throughout Europe

In the 1600’s, the interest of Europeans in Africa was based mainly on Europe’s need to
a) market its surplus agricultural products
b) obtain workers for its colonies in the Americas
c) establish collective security arrangements
d) settle its surplus population on new lands

The printing press, the astrolabe, and the Mercator projection were technological advances that contributed to the
a) exploration and overseas expansion of the colonial empires
b) unification of Germany and Italy in the late 1800’s
c) growth of industry in Latin America during the late 1900’s
d) spread of Islam in the 700’s and 800’s

Reasons for migrations of people are described as “push factors” and “pull factors.” Which was a “pull factor” for many immigrants coming to the Americas between 1500 and 1700?
a) Religious persecution
b) political oppression
c) religious freedom
d) overpopulation

Which factor influenced the settlement of coastal regions of West Africa during the Age of Exploration?
a) economic opportunity
b) European overpopulation
c) Diplomatic relations
d) physical geography of the coast

How did technology change communication in the late thirteenth century?
a) It helped all citizens learn to read.
b) It allowed people to quickly contact others around the world.
c) It enabled people to get information about other places and ideas.
d) It helped people to improve the living conditions in their societies.

Why did trading networks like the Silk Road develop?
a) Certain resources were not available in all areas.
b) The trails were used for communication between groups.
c) People wanted to take land and to keep control of that land.
d) Travelers enjoyed exploring nearby lands after trading for spices.

There were many advancements during the Age of Exploration. Which led to the settlement of the Americas?
a) better farming technology
b) better printing technology
c) better sailing technology
d) better military technology

Early explorations of the New World have often been described as “the meeting of three civilizations.” To what does this description refer?
a) The Spanish, Portuguese, and French explorers all met in the New World.
b) Three more European nations agreed to jointly explore the New World.
c) The European, Native American, and African cultures came together in the New World.
d) Three Central American cultures-the Aztec, Incas, and Mayans-came together to defend their lands.

England became a Protestant country during the Reformation when its
a) King declared himself the head of the Church of England.
b) People demanded the adoption of Lutheran beliefs.
c) Priests opposed reforms implemented by the Pope.
d) Armies were exposed to Calvinist beliefs while in France.

The first African slaves were brought to the Americas to
a) Be servants for wealthy New England families.
b) Build missions and settlements for the Spanish.
c) Work on Portuguese sugar plantations in the Caribbean.
d) Help colonists fight wars against the Native Americans.

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