The Cell As A Whole: Question Preview (ID: 21192)

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Which process is represented by the equation below? Glucose + Oxygen= Carbon Doxide + Water
a) cellular respiration
b) photosynthesis
c) glycolysis
d) fermentation

Plants receive energy from the sun to create glucose then glucose is used to create ATP. What are these processes called?
a) Anerobic Respiration and Aerobic Respiration
b) Antimolecular Respiration and Photosynthesis
c) Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
d) Oxidative Metabolism and Anerobic Respiration

Which organelle converts the chemical energy in food into a form that cells can use?
a) chloroplast
b) nucleus
c) mitochondrion
d) nucleolus

Which organelle generates MOST of a cell's adenosine triphosphate (ATP)?
a) nucleus
b) chloroplast
c) mitochondrion
d) endoplasmic reticulum

Which process is described by the characteristics below? • takes place in the mitochondria • releases chemical energy from sugars and other carbon-based molecules • makes ATP (with oxygen present)
a) cellular respiration
b) glycolysis
c) Calvin cycle
d) fermentation

How do proteins travel from the endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi apparatus?
a) A part of the endoplasmic reticulum pinches off, forming a transport vesicle.
b) A protective coating around the protein transports it to the Golgi apparatus.
c) The cytoplasm synthesizes a vesicle that transports protein.
d) The protein receives a transport vesicle from the nucleus.

Which list shows the correct order of locations and steps in protein processing?
a) 1. endoplasmic reticulum (protein modification) 2. Golgi apparatus (protein packaging) 3. ribosome (protein synthesis)
b) 1. ribosome (protein synthesis) 2. endoplasmic reticulum (protein modification) 3. Golgi apparatus (protein packaging)
c) 1. Golgi apparatus (protein packaging) 2. ribosome (protein synthesis) 3. endoplasmic reticulum (protein modification)
d) 1. ribosome (protein synthesis) 2. Golgi apparatus (protein packaging) 3. endoplasmic reticulum (protein modification)

Why do ribosomes attach to the endoplasmic reticulum?
a) The endoplasmic reticulum provides a greater surface area, thus increasing protein production and secretion.
b) The smooth endoplasmic reticulum packages and transports the proteins made by the ribosomes.
c) The ribosomes store water and other materials on the endoplasmic reticulum.
d) The ribosomes store proteins that are not used by the endoplasmic reticulum.

Once proteins are moved to the Golgi apparatus, what is the role of this organelle?
a) to use proteins as an energy source
b) to link amino acid chains to proteins
c) to process, sort, and deliver proteins
d) to protect proteins from bacteria

During protein synthesis, ribosomes are assembled in the nucleolus, pass through the nuclear pores into the cytoplasm, and then bind to an organelle for further modification. Which organelle do the ribosomes bind to in this final step?
a) Golgi apparatus
b) mitochondria
c) lysosome
d) endoplasmic reticulum

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