7-2 Test Review: Question Preview (ID: 21188)


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What was Voltaire's Enlightenment big idea?
a) government should be based on the social contract theory
b) Government should protect citizens' freedom of speech and religion
c) government should have separation of powers
d) government should be based on popular sovereignty

What was Montesquieu's Enlightenment big idea?
a) government should protect freedom of religion and speech
b) government should have separation of powers
c) government should be run by popular sovereignty
d) government should be based on the social contract theory

What was Rousseau's Enlightenment big idea?
a) government should be ruled by popular sovereignty/general will
b) government should protect citizens' natural rights
c) government should have separation of powers
d) government should be separated from religion

What ws the foundation of most European governments prior to the Enlightenment?
a) absolutism
b) democracy
c) constitutional monarchy
d) limited government

What was John Locke's Enlightenment big idea?
a) government should be run with popular sovereignty
b) government should protect the citizens' civil liberties
c) government should have separation of powers
d) all people have natural rights and the idea of a social contract

What step-by-step process was created to help scientists test theories during the Scientific Revolution?
a) reason
b) scientific method
c) prayer
d) astronomy

The Enlightenment was people applying reason to ___.
a) religion
b) science
c) politics/government
d) trading

What did the Scientific Revolution influence?
a) the Enlightenment
b) the Middle Ages
c) the Industrial Revolution
d) the Age of Exploration

The Scientific Revolution threatened what institution's power?
a) astronomy
b) science
c) Catholic Church
d) physics

Which scientist disproved Ptolemy's geocentric theory with his heliocentric theory?
a) Kepler
b) Socrates
c) Aristotle
d) Copernicus

What did people start using to answer questions during the Scientific Revolution?
a) prayer
b) reason
c) religion
d) their king/queen

The Scientific Revolution was born out of what time period?
a) Age of Exploration
b) Enlightenment
c) Middle Ages
d) Dark Ages

Which European country was the model for absolutism?
a) America
b) England
c) France
d) Portugal

What is a limited government?
a) a government that has all the control over the citizens
b) a government that the citizens limit the power of the government
c) a government where they king/queen locks Parliament out
d) a government that does not protect individual rights

What is an absolute monarchy?
a) king/queen can make decisions without the consent of the people
b) the king/queen has to do what the citizens say
c) a monarchy that people are allowed to vote
d) a monarchy that is run by Parliament

Which of the following is NOT allowed in an unlimited government?
a) the ruler can make all the laws
b) the king having all the say
c) raising taxes on the poor
d) individual rights and freedoms

Who was the English Civil War between?
a) King Charles I and Parliament
b) Parliament and Oliver Cromwell
c) King James II and King Charles I
d) Oliver Cromwell and William and Mary

Why was the English Civil War fought?
a) it was a struggle between Scotland and England
b) it was a struggle over religion
c) it was a struggle for power in England
d) it was a struggle for trading rights in England

Who ruled England after the English Civil War?
a) James II
b) Charles II
c) Charles I
d) Oliver Cromwell

What did the Glorious Revolution represent in English governement?
a) the beginning of a very bloody war
b) the beginning of a permanent unlimited government in England
c) beginning of a permanent limited government in England
d) the beginning of an absolute monarchy in England

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