1st Nine Week Final Science Part 1: Question Preview (ID: 21039)

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Due to extreme pressure, the inner core of Earth is
a) Solid
b) Liquid
c) Gas
d) Plasma

Which of these correctly lists Earth’s layers in order from the center to the surface?
a) outer core, inner core, asthenosphere, lithosphere
b) asthenosphere, lithosphere, outer core, inner core
c) inner core, asthenosphere, lithosphere, outer core
d) inner core, outer core, asthenosphere, lithosphere

The continental crust floats on top of the mantle because the crust is
a) less dense than the mantle.
b) made of a liquid material.
c) made up of oxygen which is a light element
d) separated from the mantle by a layer of water

When compared to the other layers of Earth, which layer has the lowest density?
a) Crust
b) Inner Core
c) Outer Core
d) Mantle

Which statement is true about rocks?
a) Minerals are made of rocks.
b) Crystals are made of rocks
c) Rocks can be made of one or more minerals.
d) Magma is made of solid rock.

Quartz and feldspar are two common minerals. When they are found mixed together in nature they form
a) Rocks
b) Magma
c) Soil Deposits
d) Organic Material

Sandstone and all other types of sedimentary rock are made up of particles. The source materials of these particles consist of
a) fragments that broke off of older rocks.
b) magma that cooled deep below a volcano
c) gases that condensed in the atmosphere
d) vegetation that decayed in thick layers

When sugar is heated on a hot plate, it turns into a liquid. When the liquid sugar is cooled, a hard-crystalline substance is formed. This model best demonstrates the formation of
a) molten rocks.
b) igneous rocks
c) sedimentary rocks
d) metamorphic rocks

Which rock is most likely to contain fossil seashells?
a) Basalt
b) Gneiss
c) Granite
d) Limestone

Which process causes sand grains to stick together to form sandstone?
a) Abrasion
b) Cementation
c) Combustion
d) Erosion

Which condition is necessary for metamorphic rocks to form?
a) constant weathering and erosion
b) extreme pressure and heating
c) rapid burial of sediments
d) slow cooling of magma

Students studying rocks notice that in a particular location there are many igneous rocks that are very similar. This observation best supports which statement?
a) A nearby volcano is tall.
b) A nearby volcano is inactive
c) A nearby volcano is about to erupt.
d) A nearby volcano had once been active.

What has to occur to change igneous rock into sediment?
a) weathering, transportation, and deposition
b) heat and pressure
c) cooling and solidification
d) cementation and compaction

Which type of rock is formed when limestone is subjected to heat and pressure?
a) Sandstone
b) Basalt
c) Marble
d) Granite

Why are fossils rarely found in metamorphic or igneous rock?
a) Chemicals toxic to living organisms are released during formation of these rocks
b) Heat and pressure are great enough to destroy the structure of fossils found in these rocks.
c) Decay of radioactive isotopes changes the fossils into a different rock structure
d) Intense magnetic fields found where these rocks form keep organisms from living there

In order for boulders to become sediments, the boulders must first be
a) heated and melted.
b) weathered and eroded.
c) recrystallized.
d) buried.

Which process accounts for the formation of horizontally layered rocks?
a) Compaction and Cementation
b) Weathering and Erosion
c) Melting
d) Cooling

Plants can break large rocks into tiny pieces. How is it possible for plants to be able to mechanically weather rocks by breaking them into smaller pieces?
a) The roots of the plant grow into the cracks of the rock forcing them to break.
b) The plant absorbs all the water from the soil leaving the rocks dry and brittle.
c) The plant wraps itself around the rock and forces it to crumble.
d) The acidity of the plant forms new types of smaller rocks.

The table shows some of the characteristics of the soil in an area of land.
a) The area is flat
b) The soil color is dark brown.
c) The soil contains humus.
d) The soil feels gritty.

Which is considered a property of soil?
a) Streak
b) Fracture
c) Texture
d) Luster

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