Rocks: Question Preview (ID: 20803)

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What factors can cause igneous rock to change in to metamorphic rock?
a) Weathering and erosion
b) Compacting and cementing
c) heat and pressure
d) wind and rain

Different rock types are important to geologists because......
a) They can explain the exact cause of mass extinctions.
b) They can explain the geologic conditions on the Earth in the past.
c) They tell the average temperature of the Earth's surface over time.
d) They show the Earth's position in the solar system.

Most fossils are found in _______________ rock because this is the only type of rock that is not exposed to high heat and pressure.
a) Sedimentary
b) Metamorphic
c) Transitional
d) Igneous

If a geologist finds extrusive igneous rock in a location, then she knows that which of the following must be true.
a) This area was once under water.
b) There was volcanic activity in this area.
c) This is an area where continental plates collided.
d) This area has been exposed to weathering and erosion.

In the rock cycle, which of the following is a TRUE statement?
a) Sedimentary rock must be formed from weathered igneous rock.
b) Metamorphic rock can only be formed when sedimentary rock is heated under high pressure.
c) Any type of rock can be changed in to any other type of rock under the right conditions.
d) Igneous rock can only be formed if metamorphic rock is melted.

Rock that is made of particles that are compacted and cemented together is called ___________________?
a) Sedimentary
b) Metamorphic
c) Transitional
d) Igneous

Rock that often shows wavy or distorted patterns due to the rock being heated and under high pressure without melting all the way are called _________________ rock.
a) Sedimentary
b) Metamorphic
c) Transitional
d) Igneous

What type of rock is formed by cooling magma or lave?
a) Sedimentary
b) Transitional
c) Metamorphic
d) Igneous

When rocks are exposed to the Earth's surface, wind and rain wear down the rock in to sediment that is washed away. This process is called.
a) Heat and Pressure
b) Weathering and erosion
c) melting
d) compacting and cementing

Sedimentary rock that contains shells and coral was probably formed where?
a) In a lake at the top of a mountain.
b) Near a volcano.
c) In a cave formed by magma.
d) At the bottom of a sea or ocean.

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